God’s Mercy on a Repentant People – Jonah 3 & 4

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Pastor Scott L. Harris

Grace Bible Church, NY

July 19, 2009

God’s Mercy on a Repentant People

Jonah 3 & 4

Introduction

Last week we looked at the Jonah 1 & 2 and

God’s Mercy on a Reluctant Prophet
. Jonah was a prophet and the Lord
told Him to go and preach against Nineveh, which was the capital of the Assyrian
empire. The Assryians were one of Israel’s enemies, so Jonah did not want to go
to Nineveh because there was a chance that they might repent and God would then
be merciful to them. Jonah wanted to see the Assyrians destroyed and he
considered the fall of Nineveh a good place to start. The result is that Jonah
went the opposite direction traveling to the seaport of Joppa and then on a ship
heading for Tarshish, which was the most distant Phonecian trading city located
on the southern coast of modern Spain.

It is easy to criticize Jonah for doing something so foolish, but we are
often the same way. As I pointed out last week, Jonah was very familiar with the
Psalms with his prayer in chapter two containing 17 quotes or allusions to
different passages in the Psalms. It is reasonable then that he would have known
Psalm 139 and that even if he took the wings of the dawn or dwelt in the
remotest part of the sea that God would be there. As I also pointed our last
week, the particular words used in Jonah 1:3 indicate that he was not fleeing
from the omnipresence of God as much as trying to get away from Israel where God
manifested Himself and where he was God’s servant. Jonah simply did not want to
do what the Lord told him to do and was heading to some place where he could not
do it.

I find that believers today can be the same way. They know there is something
God wants them to do, but they will find any excuse they can to delay doing it.
Whether it is a specific task, such as Jonah’s assignment, or a more general
call such as serving God according to the gifts He has given you, it is never
wise to disobey Him. The Lord always has ways to get your attention to move you
back to where He wanted you in the first place. Jonah found that out.

After they had set sail, we find in Jonah 1:4 that the Lord hurls a great
wind against the ship that even the pagan sailors recognized as coming from a
divine source. The pagans called on their various gods to no avail. Jonah was
finally exposed as the cause of the problems, and then at his own insistence,
they cast him into the sea resulting in the storm stopping abruptly. The pagans
now understood the power of the Lord and they made a sacrifice and vows to Him.
Jonah had become a witness to them despite himself.

Being cast overboard in the middle of a raging storm should have been the end
of Jonah, but the Lord still had a job for him to do. The Lord appointed a great
fish to swallow Jonah and he remained in the fish for three days and three
nights before being vomited up on shore. It this part of the story that skeptics
ridicule and liberal religious scholars conclude was a myth. They, like the
pagans, do not know the Lord and so they doubt His power.

I pointed out last week that the book of Jonah is presented as an historical
narrative with only his prayer in chapter 2 being poetic. It is accurate in its
historical and geographic descriptions. It is the uniform tradition of the Jews
that Jonah wrote this book and so it was accepted as prophecy into the cannon of
the Old Testament. Finally, we find that Jesus accepted and cited the story of
Jonah including his being swallowed by a great fish as historical fact
(Matthew 12:39-41, Mark 16:4; and Luke 11:29-32). I also
pointed out for the skeptics that there are modern accounts of people being
swallowed by large sea creatures, specifically a sperm whale and a whale shark,
and surviving to tell the tale. It should be no more incredible that Jonah could
be swallowed by a great fish and survive than for the Lord to control the storm,
or bring about the repentance of the people of Nineveh.

Jonah’s prayer is given in a poetic form which describes his distress in some
detail and then gives thanksgiving for the Lord’s response. Jonah called on the
Lord, and the Lord responded. He was heading for what appeared to be certain
death, but the Lord intervened. It seemed the Lord had abandoned him for the
waves tossed him about and crashed over him, but Jonah prayed anyway. He went
under and was sinking to the bottom, and he prayed even as he was fainting away.
The circumstances were bad with no apparent means of escape, but faith is not
about your circumstances but rather it is about God who controls all things and
can intervene in any circumstance. The Lord did intervene in a most unusual way
of having Jonah swallowed by the great fish. Jonah responded with thanksgivng
and a vow recognizing that salvation is from the Lord.

The fish saved Jonah from drowning, but now he needed to be freed from the
fish. God did just that when he commanded the fish to vomit Jonah up onto the
dry land (Jonah 2:10). The Lord still had a task for Jonah to accomplish which
we are told about in Jonah 3.


Preaching to Nineveh Jonah 3:1-4

3:1 Now the word of the Lord came to Jonah the second time, saying, 2
"Arise, go to Nineveh the great city and proclaim to it the proclamation which I
am going to tell you." 3 So Jonah arose and went to Nineveh according to the
word of the Lord. Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, a three days’ walk.
4 Then Jonah began to go through the city one day’s walk; and he cried out and
said, "Yet forty days and Nineveh will be overthrown."

For the second time God told Jonah to go to Nineveh and proclaim His message
to them. Though it was still not something that Jonah wanted to do, he had
learned his lesson and this time he obeys the Lord and goes. The text of most of
our translations say that "Nineveh was an exceedingly great city" which is then
followed by a reference to its size of being a "three days walk." Last week I
pointed out that Nineveh was considered the greatest city of antiquity with a
diameter of 18 ¾ miles and a circumference of 60 miles. It had a wall 100 ft
high with 1500 towers that were 200 ft high each and wide enough for three to
four chariots. The greater area of Nineveh was 25 miles by about 15 miles and
encompassed about 378 square miles. As the capital of the Assyrian empire it was
important as the seat of government but also as a center for trade and commerce.
But the size and importance of the city to the empire is not actually what is
being referenced here. Young’s Literal Translation is more accurate translating
verse 3, "and Jonah riseth, and he goeth unto Nineveh, according to the word
of Jehovah. And Nineveh hath been a great city before God, a journey of three
days.
" Nineveh was important to God and that is why he was sending Jonah
there. Remember, that this is the only case of God actually sending a prophet to
a foreign city to make a proclamation to it. Usually the prophet remained in his
own country and made proclamations against foreign nations. It is God that
determines value based on what He deems important, not man who judges by size,
wealth and his own prejudices.

Verse 4 tells us Jonah’s actions after arriving at Nineveh. He enters the
city and starts walking around in it the first day. He then starts proclaiming
his message. The text is a little ambiguous about exactly when he started doing
this other than it was after he had walked some distance into it and not when he
first entered. We do not know if what he said is exactly what God told him to
say or if he changed the message to fit his own desires, for the message is
simply one of impending doom. "Yet forty days and Nineveh will be
overthrown."
This is the same word used for the destruction of Sodom and
Gomorrah. Jonah did not appeal for them to repent or give them any hope of
anything that could avert the coming disaster he was proclaiming. The only
merciful part in the message was that they had forty days to prepare for it.
This is exactly the kind of message that we would expect a reluctant and
prejudiced prophet to proclaim against his enemies. In forty days Jonah would be
happy to see Nineveh overturned like Sodom and Gomorrah with perhaps fire and
brimstone raining down on it or some equivalent. But God works according to His
own will and not ours.


The Repentance of Nineveh Jonah 3:5-10

5 Then the people of Nineveh believed in God; and they called a fast and
put on sackcloth from the greatest to the least of them. 6 When the word reached
the king of Nineveh, he arose from his throne, laid aside his robe from him,
covered [himself] with sackcloth, and sat on the ashes. 7 And he issued a
proclamation and it said, "In Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles:
Do not let man, beast, herd, or flock taste a thing. Do not let them eat or
drink water. 8 "But both man and beast must be covered with sackcloth; and let
men call on God earnestly that each may turn from his wicked way and from the
violence which is in his hands. 9 "Who knows, God may turn and relent, and
withdraw His burning anger so that we shall not perish?"

The people of Nineveh did not respond the way Jonah wanted. He would have
been happy if they had ignored him the same way we would ignore someone walking
around with a sign, "The End of the World is at Hand." We would consider
the person a kook and go on our way. But the people of Nineveh did not do that
with Jonah. They paid attention to what he said, though it was short and did not
include any hope.

There is a lot of speculation as to why the people of Nineveh would pay such
attention to Jonah ranging from the great respect ancient people had for
divination, to respect for their fish god which they saw Jonah as speaking on
behalf since he was spit up by a fish, to the bold preaching of this foreigner
in their city. However, that is all speculation for our text only tells us that
the people of Nineveh then believed in God. We have nothing to indicate they
knew anything about Jonah’s experience with the great fish. Jonah’s preaching
was bold, but it did nothing other than proclaim destruction in the near future.
There is nothing to indicate that Jonah said who he was, though his clothing may
have revealed to them that he was a prophet from Israel since it was not
uncommon for prophets to wear distinctive clothing. We do know that God was at
work and that he used Jonah’s presence to bring a knowledge of Himself to these
people.

Verse 5 states, "Then the people of Nineveh believed in God" – Elohim,
the creator God of the people of Israel. They had come to some recognition and
faith in the God of the Jews and concluded that they needed to repent before Him
as indicated by their calling for a fast and putting on sackcloth which were
both common signs of distress and repentance. When word of Jonah’s proclamation
reached the king, he also believed as indicated by his actions of getting off
his throne, taking off his robes and putting on sackcloth and sitting in ashes.
This was a sign of humility and serious petition of God. Jeremiah called on the
people to do this (Jeremiah 6:26). Daniel did this when
seeking and petitioning God after he read that the time of Jeremiah’s prophecy
concerning the destruction of Jerusalem was nearly ended (Daniel
9)
.

The king then issued a decree that not only the people, but even the animals
were to fast and have sackcloth put on them as a sign of repentance. Some have
thought that unusual, and it would be in our day, but it may have not been so
unusual in ancient time for Herodotus records it as an Asiatic custom. The
people were then to call on God earnestly. The word for God here is again Elohim,
the creator God of the Israelites and not a reference to any of the pantheon of
gods of the Assyrians. Their prayers were matched by the actions of repentance
of each one of them turning from their wicked ways and violence.

Jonah’s message did not mention any specific sin, though it is of course
possible that he said much more than is recorded in the text. However, it is
also possible that he did not need to say anything specific for the conscience
of the Ninevehites would have convicted them just as described in Romans 2. God
has placed it into the heart of every human that there are things that are right
and things that are wrong. It takes a lot of work to train someone not to feel
guilty about practicing flagrant sin. Such people have a seared conscience. We
refer to such people as sociopaths.

The reason for the king’s edict is given in verse 9. "Who knows, God may
turn and relent, and withdraw His burning anger so that we shall not perish?"

He had no promise and Jonah had not given him any hope of this, but he knew it
was worth trying. He would have known little about the true God, yet
demonstrated the faith required in Hebrew 11:6 to believe that He is and that He
would reward those who seek Him. It is very reasonable for them to have come to
this conclusion even with the very little that Jonah had proclaimed. With the
foundation that they recognized Jonah’s message as being from God – Elohim,
which is indicated by their subsequent belief in Elohim, it would be only
logical for them to reason as follows. God has sent a prophet to us to warn us
of being overturned in forty days. If God’s intention was only to destroy us,
then He would have let us continue in our sin. There is mercy in God giving us a
forty day warning, but there must be a reason for giving us that much time.
There must be an opportunity to repent during this period which perhaps He will
accept and spare us. It was the richness and kindness of God of sparing them to
this point already and then giving them a forty day warning that led them to
repentance (Romans 2:4).


God’s Grace Jonah 3:10

God did pay attention to their actions of repentance. Verse 10 records.
"When God saw their deeds, that they turned from their wicked way, then God
relented concerning the calamity which He had declared He would bring upon them.
And He did not do it."

There are several important lessons in this about true repentance, God’s
character and salvation.

First, the actions of the people and king of Nineveh teach us something about
repentance. It has become popular within some circles of evangelical
Christianity to reduce repentance to an intellectual exercise of having a
changed mind which may or may not result in any other changes. However, true
repentance has always been a change of mind that results in a change of action.
Verse 10 specifically states that "When God saw their deeds." This
matches the call of John the Baptist to the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to
him for baptism. He said to them, "You brood of vipers, who warned you to
flee from the wrath to come? "Therefore bring forth fruit in keeping with
repentance"
(Matthew 3:7-8). Jesus made the same point
in his illustration of two sons who were told to go work in the vineyard
(Matthew 21:28-31). One said he would go, but did not
while they other said he would not go, but regretted it and went. Only the son
that repented and actually went to the vineyard did the will of the father.
Without that action, there would not have been any genuine repentance.

It is easy to claim that you have changed your mind and believe something
new, but it is quite another to actually believe it. The apostle Paul taught in
2 Corinthians 7 that there were two kinds of sorrow; that of the world and that
which is according to God. The sorrow of the world is being sorry for getting
caught. The person may claim many things, but the truth is that there has been
no true change of mind or heart, other than perhaps learning to be more careful
not to get caught the next time they do it. That sorrow leads to death. Godly
sorrow leads to repentance and salvation. The change of mind results in a change
of heart and action. That is why the apostle James argued that faith without
works is dead. The claim to believe without having the actions of that belief
demonstrated only proves that the profession is false. True belief always
results in the actions that are in keeping with that belief.

Second, God’s character is demonstrated in His mercy toward Nineveh. 2 Peter
3:9 tells us that God is patient and is not willing that any should perish but
for all to come to repentance. 1 Timothy 2:4 tells us that God desires all men
to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. Those are just New
Testament statements of an Old Testament principle. The Lord proclaimed of
Himself when He had His glory pass before Moses in Exodus 34:6, "The Lord,
the Lord God, compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in
lovingkindness and truth; who keeps lovingkindness for thousands, who forgives
iniquity, transgression and sin; yet He will by no means leave [the guilty]
unpunished, visiting the iniquity of fathers on the children and on the
grandchildren to the third and fourth generations
.

Ezekiel 19:23 tells us that God does not have any pleasure in the death of
the wicked, but would rather that they turn from their evil ways and live.
Therefore it should be no surprise that God would relent from the condemnation
at their repentance.

Third, salvation is of the Lord and not the result of any good work. The
people of Nineveh were guilty and they knew it. That is why they were repenting.
They had also turned from their wicked way, but that only means that they were
not adding further condemnation upon themselves, not that they had somehow
atoned for the evils they had already done. The king understood better than a
lot of modern theologians. He was seeking God’s mercy, not earning God’s favor.
Too many self professed Christians have fooled themselves into thinking that
they can do something or be good enough so that they can go to heaven. They
forget that all our righteous deeds are filthy rags before Him
(Isaiah 64:6)
. They forget that it is not the basis of deeds which we
have done in righteousness that we are saved, but rather according to His mercy
(Titus 3:5-6). We are justified before Him only by His
grace granted to us by faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. In order to enter the
kingdom of God we must come to God poor in spirit (Matthew 5:3)
seeking His mercy. His grace is given to the humble (1
Peter 5:5)
. We are saved from our sins by God’s own character and
believing that He will be true to His promise that Jesus’ death on the cross is
a sufficient substitute payment for the price of our sin.

The people of Nineveh may have had little understanding of the true God, but
their actions demonstrated that their new belief in Him was genuine. The same
needs to be true of those who profess faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. Their
understanding may still be small, but their actions should reflect the new
beliefs they claim to now embrace. The simplest facts of the gospel – that Jesus
is God in human flesh, lived a sinless life, died on the cross as the substitute
payment for our sin, was buried and rose again on the third day and will return
some day to take us to heaven where He is now preparing a place for us – should
change the way that we live. If Jesus is God, then His will and wisdom our
superior to our own and we should follow Him. If our hope is in His return then
we should be seeking to cleanse ourselves from all defilement of the flesh and
spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God (2 Corinthians
7:1)
.

If you want to receive God’s mercy, follow the example of the people of
Nineveh and do what James 4:8-10 states – "Draw near to God and He will draw
near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you
double-minded. 9 Be miserable and mourn and weep ; let your laughter be turned
into mourning, and your joy to gloom. 10 Humble yourselves in the presence of
the Lord, and He will exalt you."

 


Jonah is Discontent Jonah 4:1-4

The repentance of Nineveh should have thrilled Jonah, but instead he was
quite angry. "But it greatly displeased Jonah, and he became angry. 2 And he
prayed to the Lord and said, "Please Lord, was not this what I said while I was
still in my [own] country? Therefore, in order to forestall this I fled to
Tarshish, for I knew that Thou art a gracious and compassionate God, slow to
anger and abundant in lovingkindness, and one who relents concerning calamity. 3
"Therefore now, O Lord, please take my life from me, for death is better to me
than life." 4 And the Lord said, "Do you have good reason to be angry?"

Jonah knew God’s character to be gracious and compassionate, which is why he
did not want to preach to Nineveh. He did not want them to repent and be saved.
He wanted them to be destroyed, and so now he is angry because he did not get
what he wanted. His prejudice and anger were so great that he even pleads with
God to take his life because he thinks it would be better for him to be dead
than see God’s mercy on the Assyrians. Like a child threatening to hold their
breath until they get their way, Jonah was showing great immaturity though at a
much more serious level. Imagine hating a people so much that you would rather
be dead than to see them repent from their evil and receive God’s mercy. His
anger had blinded him to the point of being irrational. Jonah had presented his
reason for being angry in his prayer, and God responded to it with a question
that Jonah did not answer. Do you have good reason to be angry? God would
teach Jonah another lesson.


Jonah is Rebuked Jonah 4:5-11.

"Then Jonah went out from the city and sat east of it. There he made a
shelter for himself and sat under it in the shade until he could see what would
happen in the city."
For some reason, though Jonah has already recognized
that God had extended His mercy to Nineveh, Jonah still seems to be hopeful that
Nineveh would be destroyed. Perhaps he took God’s question of whether he had
good reason to be angry as an indicator that his desire would still be
fulfilled. The result is that he goes east of the city onto the slopes of the
mountains that rise there from the Tigris valley and looks out over the city and
waits to see what will happen. He makes for himself a shelter of some sort to
protect himself from the sun. It can get very hot in that climate. God would now
teach him another object lesson.

6 "So the Lord God appointed a plant and it grew up over Jonah to be a
shade over his head to deliver him from his discomfort. And Jonah was extremely
happy about the plant."
Even though he had the shelter he had built, a plant
that would give additional shade was greatly welcomed. Again we find that God
appoints this plant for this task and it obeys. There are several plants that
can grow rapidly that have been suggested that the Lord may have used for this
purpose including the Ricinus, also known as the castor-oil plant, or a gourd.
Jonah is of course very happy about the plant since it is making him more
comfortable and perhaps seeing it as God’s favor upon him. Now Jonah was ready
for the lesson.

7 But God appointed a worm when dawn came the next day, and it attacked
the plant and it withered. 8 And it came about when the sun came up that God
appointed a scorching east wind, and the sun beat down on Jonah’s head so that
he became faint and begged with [all] his soul to die, saying, "Death is better
to me than life."
Again we find that God assigns a specific task to one of
His creatures and it obeys without hesitation. This time it is a worm and it
attacks the plant which causes it to wither. A hot east wind blows that day and
with the sun now beating down on Jonah’s head he becomes so hot that he is
faint. Once again Jonah begs to die, though this time with great intensity of
soul. He was hot and uncomfortable and Nineveh was not yet overthrown, so he
once again thinks it would be better to die than live. Again, this is a response
of great immaturity, but also of being very passive about his circumstances.

Remember that he is just sitting there watching to see what would happen to
Nineveh. You would think he might look at the plant once in awhile, and if it
looked like it was starting to wither to look for the cause. If he found the
worm he could have eliminated its threat very easily. Also, if it was withering
in a hot wind, why not go get some water for it? Now in fairness to Jonah, the
text indicates that the plant died overnight so Jonah may have been asleep and
it was already withered when he woke up. However, why is the sun now beating on
his head when he had already built a shelter to provide shade? Jonah seems to
have become despondent, passive and stubborn even to the point of refusing to
budge to do anything to alleviate his situation. I picture him sitting in the
Sun next to his shelter with the withered plant next to him as he despairs of
his life in complaint to God.

God now questions Jonah about the plant. 9 Then God said to Jonah, "Do you
have good reason to be angry about the plant?" And he said, "I have good reason
to be angry, even to death."
The picture of Jonah now is not just that he is
despairing of life, but that he is angry on behalf of the plant that it has been
attacked by a worm and has shriveled up.

God now rebukes Jonah. 10 "Then the Lord said, "You had compassion on the
plant for which you did not work, and [which] you did not cause to grow, which
came up overnight and perished overnight. 11 "And should I not have compassion
on Nineveh, the great city in which there are more than 120,000 persons who do
not know [the difference] between their right and left hand, as well as many
animals?"

Jonah had nothing to do with the plant either growing or dying, yet he had
compassion for it. At the same time, Jonah had no compassion for all the people
and animals in Nineveh. The 120,000 referred to as not knowing between their
right or left hand would be a description of young children. The total
population could have been well over 600,000, but here God points out the
harshness of Jonah’s selfish anger that did not even have compassion on the
children. Jonah had the privilege of being a prophet of God and was even able to
have conversations with God directly, but all that was squandered because of his
prejudice. Jonah the prophet is best known for the rebukes he received from God
which includes being swallowed by the great fish.

Conclusions

This brings up one final lesson. Being used by God and being a godly person
are not the same thing. Too often I find people that want to claim to be
something important because God used them, or at least they think God used them.
Folks, in the book of Jonah God also used the wind, a great fish, a plant and a
worm as well as Jonah and Jonah was the only one of them that was reluctant and
used despite himself.

Jonah was a prophet, but he was not godly. The goal God has for our lives is
not having us accomplish some grand and glorious thing – though He can certainly
do that as He desires. The goal God has for our lives is that we might be holy
and blameless before Him (Ephesians 1:4) and be conformed
into the image of Christ (Romans 8;29). God will do His
part in having that happen for He will perfect in you the good work He has
started (Philippians 1:6). The only questions will be how well will you
cooperate with Him? And what will your attitude be? Don’t be like Jonah. He
could have had great joy in being used by God to bring about the repentance of a
great city to the glory of God, but was instead a miserable man receiving God’s
rebukes. Repent from your sin including bad attitudes, then thank the Lord for
His grace and mercy to you in Jesus Christ, then go and

serve the Lord in gladness with all your heart and you will know His joy in
your life.

 

 

KIDS CORNER

Parents, you are responsible to apply
God’s Word to your children’s lives. Here is some help. Young Children
draw a picture about something you hear during the sermon. Explain your
picture(s) to your parents at lunch. Older Children – 1) Count how many
times Nineveh is mentioned. 2) Talk with your parents about God’s mercy to that
city and how you see God’s mercy today

 

THINK ABOUT IT!

Questions to consider in discussing
the sermon with others. Why did Jonah sail for Tarshish instead of going to
Nineveh as he was commanded? How did God used Jonah among the sailors? What
happened after Jonah was thrown overboard? What swallowed Jonah? How did the
Lord answer Jonah’s prayers? Why was Nineveh considered a great city by those
who lived then? Why did God consider it great? What was Jonah’s message to
Nineveh? How did the people respond to Jonah’s message? What was the King’s
edict? Why did they respond that way? What are the marks of genuine repentance?
What does God’s response to Nineveh reveal about His character? What is the
basis of salvation from sin? What should you do if you want to experience God’s
mercy? Why did Jonah want the Lord to take his life? God provided a plant to
shade Jonah, then destroyed it the next day – what was Jonah’s response? What
indicates that Jonah was in utter despair? God rebuked Jonah for his lack of
compassion – who are 120,000 referenced? How can a person be used by God, yet
not be godly? What determines your attitude when God uses you?


Sermon Notes – 7/19/2009

God’s Grace on a Reluctant Prophet – Jonah 3 & 4


Introduction & ReviewJonah 1 & 2

    Instead of going to Nineveh as the Lord commanded him,
Jonah went to ___________________

    Jonah could not run away from God’s omnipresence, but he
was trying to run away from _____________

    God hurled a great ____________ against the ship Jonah was
in.

    The storm stopped when the sailor cast _____________ into
the sea, and then they sacrificed to the Lord

    Jonah was swallowed by a __________________

    Jonah’s prayer describes his distress and ______________
response to his prayers

    God had the great fish vomit Jonah up onto
________________


Preaching to Nineveh Jonah 3:1-4

    Jonah obeyed God this time and went to
____________________

    Nineveh was a great city in __________ and importance, but
God considered it great for other reasons

    Jonah is the only prophet physically sent to a ___________
city to preach against it.

    Jonah’s message was, ""Yet forty days and Nineveh will
be ______________ "

    Jonah did not appeal for them to __________ or give them
any hope averting the coming destruction


The Repentance of Nineveh Jonah 3:5-10

    The people of Nineveh paid attention to Jonah and as a
result believed in ___________

    Their belief was demonstrated by calling for a fast and
putting on ______________ to wear

    The king issued a decree which included having the
____________ also fast

    The king’s hope was in God’s mercy that He might turn and
they would not _________________


God’s Grace Jonah 3:10

    True repentance is a change of mind that results in a
change of _______________

    There are two kinds of sorrow, _________sorrow results in
death. _________ sorrow results in repentance

    God desire is that all men repent and
______________________

    Salvation is based in God’s ____________ and not on our
good works

    Even belief in just the simplest facts of the gospel
should ___________ the way we live.


Jonah is Discontent Jonah 4:1-4

    Jonah did not want to preach to Nineveh because he did not
want them to ___________________

    Jonah shows great immaturity by his anger because the
people __________ and were not destroyed


Jonah is Rebuked Jonah 4:5-11

    Jonah goes east of the city, builds a _____________ and
waits to see what will happen to the city.

    God causes a plant to grow up overnight which provides
Jonah shade which makes Jonah _____________

    God appoints a worm and the east wind to cause the plant
to wither which makes Jonah ______________

    Jonah is so miserable that he begs that he could
__________ instead of live

    Jonah did nothing to either save the ___________ from
withering or to get out of the Sun

    God questions Jonah about being angry about the plant, and
Jonah said he had ____________ to be angry

    God rebukes Jonah for his lack of ________________ on the
city and its animals

    The 120,000 who did not know between right and left are
young _____________

    Jonah the prophet is best known for
_______________________________________________________

Conclusions

    Being used by God and being a godly person are not
________________________

    Jonah was a prophet, but he was not ___________________

    The godly are __________ when they are used by God. The
ungodly are ______________

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