The Church, Part 4: Edification

(Greek words can be viewed using the Symbol font)

 Pastor Scott L. Harris

Grace Bible Church, NY

The Purpose of the Church, Part 4: Edification

Cultivating New Life in Christ

I have spoken to you for the last three weeks about the
purpose of the church which is to Glorify God by Making Disciples
of Jesus Christ. We carry out our purpose of making disciples
through four tasks: Communicating New Life in Christ
(evangelism); Caring for New Life in Christ (fellowship);
Cultivating New Life in Christ (edification) and Celebrating New
Life in Christ (worship).

This morning I will be speaking to you about this third task.
We are to Cultivate New Life in Christ. We are to build each
other up into Christ likeness. This is often called edification.

I. What is Edification?

To some, edification, may sound like one of those words they
teach you in college so that you can sound smart regardless of
the truth. We certainly don’t want to be like the English student
who was working on suffixes and reasoned that if
"acidification" meant to make something more acidic,
and if "humidification" meant to make something more
humid, and if "solidification" meant to make something
more solid, then "edification" must mean to make
something more like someone named "Ed." (That is my bad
joke for today).

Edification, according to Webster, simply means,
"enlightening of ignorance, or moral or spiritual
instruction." In the New Testament the word often translated
as "edify" or "edification," is a compound
word made up of oikoV (Oikos), which
means house, & domew (Domeo),
which means to build. These two words together literally mean,
"to build a house."

It is used in the literal sense many places in the New
Testament in reference to a house or other building. It is used
in relation to the temple (Acts 7:47), a barn (Lk 12:8), a tower
(Mt 21:33) and even the sepulchers of the prophets (Mt. 23:29). Oikodomew (oikodomeo) is "to build a
structure" of some type.

The word is also used figuratively, and it is in the
figurative usage that we get the idea of "edification."

The first figurative usage refers to the coming into existence
and expansion of the church. Jesus says in Mt 16:8, "upon
this rock I will
build my church."
Jesus is not referring to some physical building somewhere, but
the universal church made up of all those who believe in Him. In
a similar way 1 Peter 2:5 refers to believers "as living
stones, are being built up as a spiritual house . . .".

Paul states directly in 1 Cor 3:9 that Christians are "God’s
". The nature of this building of God, the
Church, is that it is to grow. It is to expand and enlarge into a
holy temple of the Lord
(Eph 2:21).

Another figurative use is in its reference to a body of
theological knowledge. Paul says in Romans 15:20 that he did not
want to build on another man’s foundation. Here he was
referring to going to a place where the gospel had already been
given. Paul wanted build on fresh ground. In Galatians 2:18 Paul
added that he did not want to "rebuild what I have once
destroyed . . .".
Paul had led them out of legalistic
Judaism and into the grace of Christ. He did not want them to
return to that theological system of righteousness by works.

The third figurative usage of "edification" is
"enlightening of ignorance, or moral or spiritual
instruction." This is to build up spiritually. We will see
how that is done in the church in a moment, but before I go on,
let me add a footnote here why I have told you so much background
on this word we often translate as "edification."

I want you to have a certain image in your mind about
edification before we start talking about its personal
application. I want you to think about a building being erected.
Think about all the different things that go into it. There are
many different types of workers. Architects who design the
building. Carpenters build forms and a foundation of concrete is
poured. More carpenters come and frame the building and then
electricians and plumbers begin their work. Others workers come.
There are people who do dry wall, people who hang the doors,
cabinet makers, painters, carpet and linoleum layers. The
building is up and it is functional, but the work is not done.
There are still decorative fixtures to be installed, curtains are
put up, paintings are hung. And then about the time you think it
is done, a wall is knocked out so that the place can be expanded!
That is the picture I want running through the back of your mind.
There are a lot of people involved in building something. This is
also true of your spiritual state, and about the time you think
the work on you is done, look out, because it is time to knock a
wall out and start expanding.

II. How Does It Work in the Church.

The first thing to understand about the work of edification,
is that it is the work of the Lord. Remember, Jesus said He
would build His Church (Matt. 16:18). We are only servants
who are used by Him to accomplish the building of the Church. He
is the one doing the work. It is the Holy Spirit that convicts a
person of their need for Christ, and thereby become a part of the
church (John 16). It is the Father that draws a man or woman to
Christ. They do not come on their own (John 6:44). And it is the
Holy Spirit that teaches believers (1 John 2:27). So first of
all, the work of edification is the work of God.

The second thing to understand about edification is that, of
necessity, it encompasses a body of theological truth. Part of
the work of edification is education, so teaching is a large part
it. Teaching is a large part of the work of the Church.

Consider first that teaching is inherent to the fulfilment of
the Great Commission of Matt 28:19,20 "Go therefore and
make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the
Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit,
them to observe all that I commanded you . . .".
command to us is to go make disciples, and this is done by
declaring the gospel to people, baptizing those who respond by
faith in Jesus Christ, and then teaching them how God wants them
to live.

Consider also that teaching is pivotal to our lives. In
passages such as 2 Peter 1:2-4 we find, "Grace and peace
be multiplied to you in the
knowledge of God
and of Jesus our Lord; seeing that His divine power has granted
to us everything pertaining to life and godliness, through the
knowledge of Him who called us by His
own glory and excellence. For by these He has granted to us His
precious and magnificent promises, in order that by them you
might become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the
corruption that is in the world by lust."
Notice that
the "grace and peace" wished for is in the
"knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord." Notice as
well that "His divine power" which grants us everything
we need to live a holy life is "through the true knowledge
of Him." And finally, notice that "His precious and
magnificent promises" come to us through the "true
knowledge of Him." You can’t stand on a promise you
don’t know.

Teaching the Scriptures is the only cure for our ignorance of
God and the only way we can come to Him. Without Biblical
knowledge we would not know that Jesus’ death on the Cross
and resurrection the third day was so that we could be brought
back into relationship with Him and be saved from eternal torment
in hell. Without a knowledge of the Bible we would not know that
Jesus Christ is the only way to God the Father (John 14:6), and
that being a Christian means believing on Him and following Him.

It is the Bible that tells us that Jesus sits on the right
hand of the Father that we may draw near with confidence to the
throne of Grace (Heb 4:16), that we might come into the Holy
place through the blood of Jesus Christ (Heb 10:19). If you are a
Christian, it is because you are in a relationship with God, and
the goal of your life is to know Him more intimately every day. A
big part of the Christian’s life is being built up in the
knowledge of God through being taught the Bible by godly teachers
and through self study.

Teaching is vital to the Christian’s walk and welfare because
it brings him or her into a better understanding of our loving
Heavenly Father and His desires for us. But teaching, in the
Biblical sense, and especially in the sense of edification, is
not dry lectures on the existence and attributes of God .
Teaching, in the sense of edification, brings about change, not
just increased information. Edification is not intellectual brain
change alone, for it demands a change in the heart and life as
that information is applied to life.

This is important because knowledge by itself can be
detrimental. 1 Cor 8:1 tells us that "Knowledge puffs up
[makes arrogant], but charity [love] edifies [builds up]."

An example of this is seen in Romans 14 where Paul discusses
those things which may or may not be evil depending on the
culture and the individual. Starting in verse 17, Paul says, "the
kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and
peace and joy in the Holy Spirit. For he who in this way serves
Christ is acceptable to God and approved by men. So then let us
pursue the things which make for peace and
building up
of one another. Do not tear down the work of God for the sake of
food. All things are clean, but they are evil for the man who
eats and gives offense."
We are to walk in love (vs 15)
and not unnecessarily offend our brother who does not yet
understand the freedom we have in Christ. In 15:2 Paul states it
clearly – Let each of us please his neighbor for his good, to
edification. For even Christ did not
please Himself . . .".
Knowledge about our freedom in
Christ is important, but it is to be used to please God, and not
ourselves. It is used to build up others, not just do what we

Edification is more than knowledge. It is knowledge applied
with godly wisdom. It has a humble mindset. Edification that is
Biblical is given with the mindset seen in Phil 2:3,4 – "Do
nothing from selfishness or empty conceit, but with humility of
mind let each of you regard one another as more important than
himself; do not merely look out for your own personal interests,
but also for the interest of others."

This again stresses this essential point about the nature of
teaching. Teaching, in the Biblical sense, is not just the
dispensing of information. Too often we tend to think of
"teaching" in the context of someone giving a lecture
like a Pastor’s Sermon, or a Bible Study Leaders monologue. This
is teaching, but the lecture format is not the only way of
teaching. In fact, in many ways, it is the least effective form
of teaching, though God uses it by design (Rom. 10:14).

In the Great Commission, Jesus commands us to go and make
disciples of all nations.
What is a disciple? Simply someone
who follows another person’s teaching. How did Jesus teach his
disciples? In every kind of life situation. While walking along a
road, sitting by the side of a lake, while eating, while talking
with people, and even in the Synagogues. The model is actually
that of a parent teaching their children. As applied to the
church, this means that a lot of the teaching ministry of the
church actually occurs away from the church building and out in
the common everyday experiences of its people. So do not think
that because you might not be teaching a class of some type in
this building that you are not also involved in the teaching
ministry of the church. You are involved in more ways than you
have probably ever thought about, and you may never know about
the lessons you have taught to others until you reach heaven.

I had a man bring that point home to me at a farewell party
held for Diane and I prior to coming here. This man had been in
my Home Bible Studies for four years. He had listened to my
sermons for over a year. Yet he said that he had learned more
from me by spending time with me and us sharing our lives with
each other than he ever did by my Bible lessons and sermons. It
is a bit scary to think that someone is watching your life that
closely, but that is exactly where a lot of teaching occurs.

We should also note that the church’s ministry of edification
is for the whole body. Romans 12, 1 Cor. 12-14 & Eph. 4 all
point out that the purpose of spiritual gifts is to edify the
whole body. Regardless of what gift or gifts you may have, the
purpose of every gift is for the benefit of other believers.
There are no spiritual gifts which have a purpose of self
edification. Paul’s argument in 1 Cor. 14 against their practice
of speaking in tongues was precisely on this point. The
Corinthian church had become factioned and divided because of the
selfish nature of their use of the gifts that God had given to

This concept of the body as applied to the church is an
important one. Paul’s most vivid description of it is in 1
Corinthians 12 where he compares the Body of Christ, the church,
to a human body. Just a human body has many parts – feet, hands,
ears, eyes, a head, etc., so the church is made of up of people
that God has given different spiritual gifts – teaching,
prophecy, service, exhortation, giving, mercy, leadership,
administration, helps, etc. The human body needs all its parts to
work together to achieve peak efficiency and effectiveness. It
can live without certain parts, but it is crippled. The same is
true with the Body of Christ. It is crippled if it does not have
all the gifts needed or if those with the gifts do not work
together. The church needs all the gifts to working together if
it is to be effective.

Paul also comments that those parts of the body that are
usually considered weaker or less important are necessary. We
give a lot of thought to our hair and how our face looks, but you
can do well with little or no hair. We give little thought to our
kidneys or liver, but if your kidneys are not heathy, your whole
body will become very sick, and if your liver stops working you
will die.

The same is true in the body of Christ. Lots of attention is
often given to those whose gifts are out front in public view,
but a church can still be very healthy even if they do not have a
preacher or music leader, for many churches have. But if the
church loses everyone with the gift of administration, it will
become a well intentioned oaf. If it loses everyone with the gift
of helps and service, it will become paralyzed. If it loses
everyone with the gift of exhortation it will descend into
selfishness and self-destruct. Everyone and every gift is needed
to be working harmony for the church to effectively carry out its
purpose in glorifying God by making disciples of Jesus Christ.

I don’t know what everyone’s gift might be, but God
knows what it is, and He wants you to use it. We can help in that
process in several ways. First, there is a paper available in the
rack in the back of the church that lists all the gifts mentioned
in Scripture. You can get the sermon notes or tapes for the
series done on Romans 12:4-8. We also have access to Spiritual
Gift Inventories that will help give you an idea of what your
gifts might be. Just ask me after the service. But primarily, you
need to be praying and seeking the Lord in this matter as you
examine your own heart. As you walk daily with the Lord, He will
change your heart to match His own. He will then give you the
desires of your heart. What then would you like to do? Try that
first and see if the Lord does use you to glorify Himself. You
will know you are gifted in that area when that happens and it is
confirmed by other godly people.

Paul’s desire was to see all the spiritual gifts being used as
intended for building up the faith and spiritual walk of the
whole church and not for selfish gain.

Eph. 4:11-16 states this concisely.

And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and
some as evangelists, and some as pastors and teachers, for the
equipping of the saints for the work of service, to the building
up of the body of Christ; until we all attain to the unity of the
faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a mature man,
to the measure of the stature which belongs to the fulness of
Christ. As a result, we are no longer to be children, tossed here
and there by waves, and carried about by every wind of doctrine,
by the trickery of men, by craftiness in deceitful scheming; but
speaking the truth in love, we are to grow up in all aspects into
Him, who is the head, even Christ, from whom the whole body,
being fitted and held together by that which every joint
supplies, according to the proper working of each individual
part, causes the growth of the body for the building up of itself
in love.

Note what edification is to produce and to build up toward. V.
13 – Unity of faith; knowledge of Jesus; Maturity according to
Christ’s standard. V. 14 – Stability in our faith and doctrine.
V. 15 – Speaking the truth in love and growing in all aspects. V.
16 – being fitted together with other believers so that the
church will grow and increase in love.

Edification is also personal. While it is true that
edification occurs when something is given to a whole group, such
as what is occurring right now with this sermon, there is also a
personal aspect to it. Even in the last part of 2 Corinthians
where Paul is admonishing them for their quickness to listen to
arrogant itinerant preachers who really did not know what they
were talking about, Paul speaks of edifying them three times and
each time he uses the personal pronoun. 2 Cor. 10:8 – "….which
the Lord gave for building
you up…"
12:19 – "…it is in the sight of God that we have been
speaking in Christ; and all for
up-building, beloved."
13:10 – "in accordance
with the authority which the Lord gave
for the building up and not for tearing down."
brings it back to you.

III. How Does This Affect You?

First, edification cannot affect you if you have not yet
yielded your life to Jesus Christ. A person cannot be built up in
their relationship with the Lord Jesus if there is no
relationship to begin with. If you have not yet placed your trust
in Jesus Christ and His work alone for life both in eternity and
in the present, then you need to talk with myself or one of the
other church leaders today. Do not leave this place without
having peace with God.

Second, you must grow in your knowledge of and submission to
the Lord Jesus Christ. If all you doing is attending the worship
services here, then you are on a starvation diet. You are never
going to really know Jesus Christ until you understand the Word
of God for yourself and learn how to apply it to your own life.
That requires that you are able to study the Bible for yourself
and that you are interacting with the rest of the body of Christ,
and especially with more mature Christians. Are you involved with
you own daily Bible reading and study? We have lots of material
to help you do that. Are you using any of it? Do you get together
with other believers and talk about the Scriptures and what the
Lord is doing in your lives and pray for one another? There are
plenty of opportunities for doing that, but you have to take
advantage of them. You also have to apply to your own life the
knowledge you gain. Knowledge without personal application
results in self-righteous pride.

Finally, you must use your spiritual gifts within the body. I
spoke about that last week in examining Caring for one another in
Christ. I have already pointed out that the working together of
spiritual gifts is part of edification. Remember that analogy of
a building being erected that I wanted you to keep in the back of
your mind? Where do you fit? What worker are you? A carpenter?
plumber? painter? interior decorator? Every gift is needed for
building up of the whole body.

Edification: It is the "enlightening of ignorance, or
moral or spiritual instruction." In the church, edification
means coming to a greater understanding of God and learning to
walk with Him, living our lives in a way that is pleasing to Him.
With that in mind, the church provides instruction about God,
teaches whatsoever He has commanded, and puts believers together
where they can use their spiritual gifts to help one another put
Biblical truth into daily life.

I pray you are involved in the church’s ministry of
Edification and heeding the command of 1 Thess 5:11"Therefore
encourage one another, and build up one another, just as you also
are doing."


Study Sheets


Parents, you are responsible to apply God’s Word to your
children’s lives. Here is some help.

Young Children – draw a picture about something you
hear during the sermon. Explain your picture(s) to your parents
at lunch. Older Children – Do one or more of the
following: 1) Write down all the verses mentioned in the sermon
and look them up later. 2) Count how many times the term
"edify/edification" is used in the sermon. Talk with
your parents about how you a built up in your faith in Christ.


Questions to consider in discussing the sermon with others.

What does "edification" mean? Give some examples of
it being used in its literal sense. Give some examples of it
being used in a figurative sense. Have you ever watched a
building being put up? How many different jobs did you see being
done? How many different jobs do you see that need to be done in
the church? What is God’s part in building you up in Christ?
What is the importance of knowledge? What things do you need to
be knowledgeable about in order to grow in Christ? What is the
danger of knowledge? How is that danger overcome? What are some
of the ways in which can be taught the Scriptures? What are some
of the ways a person can be taught to live for Jesus Christ? What
are some of the evidences of a church that is becoming mature in
Christ? (See Eph. 4:12f). Who are some of the people that are
helping you become more like Jesus? Who are some of the people
that you are helping become more like Jesus? How are you
personally growing in your knowledge of the Bible? Who do you
pray with?

Sermon Notes

The Church, Part 4: Cultivating New
Life in Christ

What is Edification?

Oikodomew (oikodomeo)

Literal uses

Figurative uses

How Does it Work in the Church?

A Work of God

A Body of Knowledge

Fulfilling the Great Commission (Mt. 28:19,20)

Pivotal in a Christian’s Life (2 Peter 1:2-4)

Vital to our Walk & Welfare

The Danger of Knowledge (1 Cor. 8:1)

An Example: Romans 14:15-15:2

The Right Mindset (Phil. 2:3,4)

Biblical Teaching

Preaching & Teaching


Its for the Whole Body

1 Corinthians 14

Ephesians 4:11-16

It Applies to You

2 Corinthians 10:8; 12:19; 13:10

How Does this Affect You?

Do You Know the Savior?

Are You Growing in the Knowledge of Jesus Christ?

Are You Using Your Spiritual Gifts?