Pastor Scott L. Harris
Grace Bible Church, NY
April 1, 2007
“What Type of Fool Are You?”
The April Fool
Today is April 1, a day commonly referred to as “April Fool’s Day.” It is a day that by popular custom is full of practical jokes and trying to dupe the gullible, so don’t be surprised if someone tells you your shoes are untied (I wear boots, there are no shoe laces), something is crawling on your back, there is a sign on the ceiling that says gullible, etc. I have not yet decided if I like this or not, for most of it is done in good humor. We poke fun at ourselves and enjoy a good laugh. My youngest son, Jimmy, enjoys this day very much as he thinks of new practical jokes to try out. However, care must be taken or sometimes things can get out of hand and cause great hurt to people. We have to be careful of the feelings and sensitivity of others even when all we are trying to do is introduce some humor and levity into life. So if you like practical jokes, enjoy yourself today, but please be careful about what you do and especially to those that do not share your sense of humor.
How did this practice of “April Fools Day” come about anyway? It is of somewhat obscure origin with some scholars thinking that it has something to do with the spring equinox when nature “fools” mankind with a sudden change in weather. Others have tried to trace it to ancient customs such as the festival of Hilaria held on March 25 in ancient Rome, or the Holt festival in India which ends on March 31. Both of these festivals have some similar elements to what occurs currently on “April Fools Day.”
However, it seems most likely that our modern custom has its origin in the 18th century for it was in the 1700’s that this celebration became widespread in England, and it was the British that brought it to America. The custom was apparently started in France after Charles IX switched that country from using the Julian calendar to following the Gregorian calendar. The two calendars were similar, but they had a major difference in the what they believed the length of the year should be and how to calculate the date of Resurrection Sunday, i.e. Easter. In practical terms, the Julian calendar was slightly off in its calculation of the length of a year. The result was that over the course of centuries the seasons were no longer matching the calendar. If this calendar had continued to be followed without correction, then eventually May would be in the middle of Winter, Spring would be starting in August and the trees would change color and fall off in February. The Gregorian Calendar (which is what we use today) made the necessary corrections so that the seasons would continue to line up with the same months year after year. Now what does all of this have to do with April Fool’s Day?
Over the centuries Kings of different countries established when their country would begin the new year. In France, the new year apparently began about or on April 1. In 1564 when Charles IX of France changed that country from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar he also changed the starting of the new year to January 1. A person who resisted changing New Year’s Day from April 1 to January 1 was victimized by pranksters on April 1 & became known as poisson D’Avril – “April Fish.” This is the origin of “April Fools Day.”
While Scripture does not speak about “April Fools Day,” it does speak quite a bit about different types of fools. Today I want to talk to you about these different types of fools and what our response should be to them. The Ignorant Fool, The Educated Fool, The Apathetic Fool and the Wise Fool. Three of these are deadly in a very real sense, and the last describes the kind of person we should be.
The Ignorant Fool
What exactly is a fool? Among the definitions given by Webster is, “Noun. 1. A person lacking in judgment or prudence. 3a. A harmlessly deranged person or one lacking in common powers of understanding. vt. 1. To spend on trifles or without advantage: fritter away. 1a To spend time idly or aimlessly.” From those definitions we could say that a fool is someone who is marked by being absurd, ridiculous or silly.
God has a strong definition for a fool. Psalm 14:1 says, “The fool has said in his heart, ‘There is no God.'” Who is the fool? The one that denies the presence and activity of God. Such denials range from outward defiance to passive neglect. There are those that proudly profess themselves to be atheists, and those that claim to be theists, but live their lives as if there is no God. Such people are practical atheists and therefore fools by Biblical definition. There are also those that are theists, but the god they follow is not God. They follow a false religious system following a false god. Since their god is not the God that created them, they are also Biblical fools.
At this point we must acknowledge that many of the people who are in this category of “fools” are so because they are ignorant. They have never heard the truth of the Scriptures. They have never been told about what God has done for them in Jesus Christ. These people will do absurd things, behave in ways that are a silly, or follow a manner of life that seems ridiculous simply because they do not know any better.
Think about the masses who are caught up in the various false religions. All they know is the false religion they have been taught. They are ignorant of the truth. Those who worship nature, and there is an increasing number of them, give honor and veneration to trees and rocks and animals and other things that are part of creation. We recognize that as foolish. How absurd to bow down to a rock, but to worship the idols of false gods is no better. Isaiah pointed out how ridiculous this was to the people of Israel because the had stopped worshiping the true God and were now bowing down before the idols of false god’s. Turn to Isaiah 44:9-20 (Read it)
Isaiah 44:9 (NASB) Those who fashion a graven image are all of them futile, and their precious things are of no profit; even their own witnesses fail to see or know, so that they will be put to shame. 10 Who has fashioned a god or cast an idol to no profit? 11 Behold, all his companions will be put to shame, for the craftsmen themselves are mere men. Let them all assemble themselves, let them stand up, let them tremble, let them together be put to shame.
12 The man shapes iron into a cutting tool, and does his work over the coals, fashioning it with hammers, and working it with his strong arm. He also gets hungry and his strength fails; he drinks no water and becomes weary. 13 [Another] shapes wood, he extends a measuring line; he outlines it with red chalk. He works it with planes, and outlines it with a compass, and makes it like the form of a man, like the beauty of man, so that it may sit in a house. 14 Surely he cuts cedars for himself, and takes a cypress or an oak, and raises [it] for himself among the trees of the forest. He plants a fir, and the rain makes it grow. 15 Then it becomes [something] for a man to burn, so he takes one of them and warms himself; he also makes a fire to bake bread. He also makes a god and worships it; he makes it a graven image, and falls down before it. 16 Half of it he burns in the fire; over [this] half he eats meat as he roasts a roast, and is satisfied. He also warms himself and says, “Aha! I am warm, I have seen the fire.” 17 But the rest of it he makes into a god, his graven image. He falls down before it and worships; he also prays to it and says, “Deliver me, for thou art my god.”
18 They do not know, nor do they understand, for He has smeared over their eyes so that they cannot see and their hearts so that they cannot comprehend. 19 And no one recalls, nor is there knowledge or understanding to say, “I have burned half of it in the fire, and also have baked bread over its coals. I roast meat and eat it. Then I make the rest of it into an abomination, I fall down before a block of wood!” 20 He feeds on ashes; a deceived heart has turned him aside. And he cannot deliver himself, nor say, “Is there not a lie in my right hand?”
Do you see their problem? They are blind to the truth. They are ignorant. They do not know. How should we respond to them? The same way Paul did on Mars Hill. Look at Acts 17:16 “Now while Paul was waiting for them at Athens, his spirit was being provoked within him as he was beholding the city full of idols.” In verse 17 Paul begins teaching in the synagogues. In verses 18-21 Paul is invited to talk with the philosophers who meet on Mars hill. In verse 22 we find, “And Paul stood in the midst of the Areopagus and said, ‘Men of Athens, I observe that you are very religious in all respects. For while I was passing through and examining the objects of your worship, I also found an altar with this inscription, TO AN UNKNOWN GOD. What you worship in ignorance, this I proclaim to you. . .”. Paul goes on to tell them about the true God and of Jesus Christ. Our response to the Ignorant Fool is compassion. We seek to educate them and tell them of the love of Jesus Christ.
The number of ignorant fools in our land is continuing to increase. When I was in High School it was very unusual to find someone who had not heard at least some part of the gospel message and know some of the basic truth claims about Jesus. In the present day it is not unusual to find people who have never heard the good news of Jesus Christ. Many children now grow up thinking that “Jesus” is just an expletive, a cuss word to say when they are angry or upset. These people need compassion and the truth. They need to hear who Jesus Christ is and what He has done for them. Maybe you know someone like this. Do not assume that just because someone takes the Lord’s name in vain that they know anything about Him. Next time you hear someone use “Jesus” or “God” as a cuss word simply ask them if they know the person they are talking about. You will probably get a funny look, but it may open the door for you to tell them of Christ or at least give them a mild rebuke for their ignorant but crude, rude and blasphemous behavior.
The Ignorant Fool is someone who does not know and our response to him or her should be a compassion that causes us to proclaim the gospel to them. Our next category, “The Educated Fool,” will generate a different response.
The Educated Fool
The major difference between the Educated Fool and the Ignorant Fool is the claim to knowledge. Romans 1:21-23 states, “For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God, or give thanks; but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened. Professing to be wise, they became fools, and exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and crawling creatures.”
The Educated Fool professes to be wise. They claim that they know what they are talking about. If you talk with them they will usually claim to know more than you and that you should listen to them. The truth is that though they claim to be wise, they are fools.
There are many individual examples of these type of people, but there are also certain groups that tend to have them. One of the most prominent examples, at least in mind, are philosophy professors. I don’t know why, but almost every philosophy teacher I have met seems to have come from some nominal Christian background. They went somewhere and studied not only the philosophies of the world but liberal theology as well. It seems they believe their task on earth is to “enlighten” college students about the “myth” of Christianity. I waited until I was a senior at the university before I took the required freshman philosophy class. Since I was a little older and had already come to a solid foundation in what I believe and why I believed it I could recognize the falsehoods being espoused and weakness of the arguments being made. Tragically, I remember that several Christians who were freshman were shook to the roots of their faith because they had not thought through such things even though the assertions of this professor were actually inane. The one good thing about this particular professor was that he graded heavily on class participation instead of tests, and since I participated a lot I received an excellent grade though I disagreed with almost everything the professor said.
Second to philosophy professors are the so called “science” teachers that espouse evolution. Many of them have extremely high IQ’s, yet they are totally committed to the theory of evolution. You must understand that Evolution is absolutely not true science. It does not follow the scientific method and it actually distorts the truth as revealed by the real world around us. Dr. Bounoure, past Director of Research at the National Center of Scientific Research in France said, “Evolutionism is a fairy tale for grown-ups. This theory has helped nothing in the progress of science. It is useless.” Evolution is the philosophical basis for many false religions including Secular Humanism. All this brain power available in the minds of so many of these “Scientists” and it is being used for foolishness. It is no wonder that the Apostle Paul in 1 Corinthians 1:18-25 writes, “For the word of the cross is to those who are perishing foolishness, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God, For it is written, ‘I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and the cleverness of the clever I will set aside.’ Where is the wise man? Where is the scribe (scholar)? Where is the debater of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world? For since in the wisdom of God the world through its wisdom did not come to know God, God was well-pleased through the foolishness of the message preached to save those who believe. . . (v25) “Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men.”
How should we respond to those who profess to be wise but are actually Biblical fools? How do you treat an educated fool? The answer to that is, “it depends.” If the person has never heard a clear presentation of the gospel, then we treat them as an Ignorant Fool. They may be arrogant in their ignorance, but we still respond with the compassion that is always given to those who in reality are simply caught up in their sin and do not know better.
However, if this person knows what Scripture says about Jesus Christ and has rejected it in favor of his own philosophical system or religious practice, then we treat them in a different manner. This person has heard the truth and rejected it and so is the “dog” or “swine” that Jesus talks about in Matthew 7:6, “do not give what is Holy to dogs, and do not throw your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces.” These are the apostates John talks about in 2 John 9; “Anyone who goes too far and does not abide in the teaching of Christ, does not have God; the one who abides in the teaching, he has both the Father and the Son. If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not receive him into your house, and do not give him a greeting for the one who gives him a greeting participates in his evil deeds.”
There is a point in which we need to be very strong in dealing with some people and the Educated Fool is one of them. Do not roll over and play dead when one of these false teachers come to your door or you deal with them at work or at school. Even if they are an intellectual giant that can do all sorts of mental gymnastics around you and play mind games with you remember that all they have at best is their limited philosophy and their own thoughts. You have the truth as revealed by God. Proclaim that to them. Be bold and direct using verses such as John 14:6 where Jesus said, “I am the way, the truth and the life, no one comes to the Father, but through Me.” Use Philippians 2:10,11, “. . . That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those who are in heaven and on earth, and under the earth, and that ever tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father,” and then Revelation 20:15, “And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.”
Do not be intimidated. If you have the Bible, you have the Word of God, you have the truth. All they have is the finite musings of their limited minds. You have the infinite wisdom of God Himself.
In addition to this you must silence the Educated Fool by your behavior. 1 Peter 2:13-15 tells us, “Submit yourselves for the Lord’s sake to every human institution, whether to a king as the one in authority, or to governors as sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and the praise of those who do right, for such is the will of God that by doing right you many silence the ignorance of foolish men.“ Make sure that your behavior is beyond reproach before God and properly respectful to those who have authority over you.
While Educated Fools such as the leaders and teachers of false religions and philosophical systems are hard to deal with at times, there is another type of fool that God hates more. The Apathetic Fool.
The Apathetic Fool
The Apathetic Fool is best seen in Matthew 12:30, “He who is not for Me is against Me; and he who does not gather with Me scatters,” and Revelation 3:15,16, “I know your deeds, that you are neither cold nor hot; I would that you were cold or hot. So because you are lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I will spit you out of My mouth.”
There is no middle ground with God. You cannot straddle the fence. The person who is putting off dealing with the Lord is a fool because you cannot put off choosing about Christ. Either you are for Christ or you are against Him. Either you work for Him or you work against Him. Either you are the friend of Jesus or you are His enemy. There is no neutral position. Indifference to the claims of Christ is a choice. They are His enemies.
How should we treat this type of fool? On one hand we may need to treat them like the Ignorant Fool. Maybe the problem is that they just do not realize the serious nature of Jesus’ claim to be God incarnate, and His work of atonement on the cross. Maybe they are ignorant of the reality of an everlasting Hell which is a real place where real torment will take place. It is a place that is shut off forever from God. They are indifferent because they have never been seriously challenged with the consequences of their unbelief. If that is the case, they need to be taught.
On the other hand, perhaps they already have heard about these truths and they are choosing to ignore them because they do not believe them to be true. Remember that actions ultimately reveal what a person truly believes. Or they may be passive Educated Fools. In either case we need to push them off the fence they are sitting on by showing them the reality that the fence they think they are sitting on is not really there. The only reason they are not already suffering eternal damnation is because they are in the safety netting of God’s extreme patience and forbearance with them. Warn them that when God removes that safety netting the drop goes straight to Hades to begin their punishment and then to eternal Hell after the Great White Throne judgement (Revelation 20).
That is how we should respond to the non-Christian who is apathetic about Jesus Christ. However, we must also be aware that according to Revelation 3:16 there are those who claim to be Christians that are also apathetic. They described as being “lukewarm” and Christ says he will spew them out of His mouth. Whether these people are really Christians or not I am not going to debate today. I cite the passage to bring up the issue of the tragic consequences for those that profess to be Christians but are not serious about following Him.
True believers who are passive will miss the blessings that could have and should have been theirs. There will be a lack of the fruit of the Spirit so instead of having love, joy, peace, patience, goodness, kindness, gentleness and self-control they will experience to some degree hate, sorrow, conflict, anxiety, evil, malice, harshness and rage. Hebrews 12 tells us they will also suffer the chastisement of the Lord. The indifferent Christian will live a wasted life. 1 Corinthians 3:12-15 describes their work as wood, hay and straw that will be burned up instead of gold, silver and precious stones that bring an eternal reward.
There is an even greater danger for such professing Christians that are unresponsive and apathetic in their obedience to Christ. Jesus warned in Matthew 7:21-29 that there will those that will profess to know Him but will get to the end of their life and only find out when they stand before God for judgement that their name is not written in the book of life and they will be cast into Hell (Revelation 20:15). Can you think of a worse tragedy than for someone to think they are saved and going to heaven only to find out after it is too late than they are not and are going to Hell? Challenge them to examine themselves to see if they are in the faith (2 Corinthians 13:5).
The Apathetic Fool who claims to be a Christian needs to be lovingly, but strongly admonished. 1 Thessalonias 5:14 tells us in a very succinct command how to respond to professing believers saying, “And we urge you, brethren, admonish the unruly, encourage the fainthearted, help the weak, be patient with all men.”
The Ignorant Fool needs to be taught. The Educated Fool needs to be dealt with strongly with the truth. The Apathetic Fool needs to be forced from his position of indifference. All of them need to be silenced by your doing right. The final category to deal with this morning is the Wise Fool.
The Wise Fool
The Wise Fool is described in 1 Corinthians 1:18-31 but is more simply stated a few chapters later in 4:10 when Paul says, “We are fools for Christ’s sake.”
The world considers the Christian to be a fool. In our own society this becoming increasingly prevalent. If you tell people in a science class that you believe in creation and that Noah’s flood was real you will generally find your science teacher will call you a fool. If you stand up and tell the scholars of our universities that you believe that the Bible is the inerrant and infallible Word of God, that it was written by the authors as claimed in the books, and that Jesus really said what is recorded of Him in the Gospels, then they will call you a fool. They will say you lack proper education and don’t know what you are talking about. If you tell your neighbor that you believe that Jesus Christ is God Himself who came as a man and who died for our sins and rose from the dead on the third day and based on that offers salvation from sin as a gift of God’s grace to all that will believe, then don’t be surprised if you neighbor says you are crazy for believing in a myth like that. Those considered “wise” by our society reject the truths of the word of God. For them Jesus was just a good teacher, a nice man, and not really who He claimed. They do not believe He was born of a virgin or lived a sinless life or performed miracles including raising Lazarus from the dead. They certainly deny that Jesus rose from the dead Himself and that He is God. The world will say you are a fool for believing and being a follower of Jesus Christ.
How bad is it out there? Rep. J. Randy Forbes of Virginia, along with other congressmen of the non-sectarian Congressional Prayer Caucus which regularly prays for the future of our nation, decided to give a series of short 30 second speeches on Thursday calling America back to prayer. Believe it or not, they have received criticism for that including that it is congressional interference with religion. The local paper, the Poughkeepsie Journal, did a call in poll about it and found that 55% supported it and 37% opposed it. So locally, over 1/3 of the people oppose congressmen who pray for the future of our nation and ask the American people to do the same.
The world has some tolerance for those that have a religion, but the more serious you are about it the less tolerance it has for you. Those that strive to be faithful to the Bible and follow Jesus Christ are considered to be extreme, radicals and fanatics. Is that a bad thing even if the world does not like it? Consider the examples given to us. What about the Apostles? Was Paul fanatical? Was he extreme? Was he a radical? Paul tells us in 1 Corinthians 11:1, “Be imitators of me, just as I also am of Christ.” That sounds like we are to be fanatical, extreme and radical. 2 Corinthians 5:17 says that “IF any man be in Christ, he is a new creation!” That is radical! But you say, “That was the apostles. “That is for those who are leaders in the church.” WRONG! This is for every believer.
Some of you have heard the story of Jim Elliot due to the movie released last year concerning him, Nate Saint and the others that became martyrs over 51 years ago.
Jim Elliot was saved when he was fairly young and he committed himself to Bible Training. While in college he was well known and liked, a good student, school champion wrestler, member of the student council and president of the Foreign Missions Fellowship. Jim Elliot could have fit into a pastorate anywhere in America but God put a different burden on his heart. There were those even then that thought it somewhat foolish to serve God in such a radical manner. Jim thought differently. In his diary he wrote, “He makes His ministers a flame of fire.’ Am I ignitable? God deliver me from the dread asbestos of ‘other things.’ Saturate me with the oil of the Spirit that I may be a flame. But a flame is transient, often short-lived. Canst thou bear this, my soul – short life? In me there dwells the Spirit of the Great Short-Lived, whose zeal for God’s house consumed Him. ‘Make me Thy Fuel, Flame of God.”
God used Jim Elliot in this manner. Jim put off marriage for a few years as he started his work as a missionary. Later he did marry and brought his wife down to Ecuador to the work that was going on with the Quichua indians, but Jim wanted to reach another tribe where there was not gospel work going on. These were the Aucas, a fierce and dangerous tribe. Jim along with 4 other men prayed and planned and finally began the work. There was initial success. The Aucas seemed to welcome the gifts dropped to them from a plane. There was more prayer, more planning, more gifts, and finally they were ready to try to make personal contact. A base was set up on a sand-bar on the bank of the river close to where the Auca village was located. After a couple of days three Auca’s, two women and one man ventured to meet them, and they responded positively. But could they make more contact? Could the missionaries contact the whole village? There was more prayer and planning and finally one morning, after the plane had flown over the village to try to encourage them to come to the camp on the sand-bar, a group of 10 men were seen going toward the missionary camp. Pete Fleming radioed the base, “Looks like they’ll be here for the early afternoon service. Pray for us. This is the Day! Will contact you next at four-thirty.”
That contact never came. On that Sunday afternoon, January 8, 1956, Jim Elliot, Pete Fleming, Nate Saint, Roger Youderian and Ed McCully gave up what they could not keep to gain what they could not lose. Five days later, a rescue party found their bodies in the river with Auca spears in them. They gave their lives in their efforts to reach these ignorant people with the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
The world would say that is foolish that God allowed 5 men to die. He allowed 5 women to be widowed. He allowed their children to be orphaned with one child to be born a few weeks after her father’s death. But Jim Elliot also wrote this: “He is no fool who gives what he cannot keep to gain what he cannot lose.” That is a true statement that he lived by. Another quote of Jim Elliot applies here, “When it comes time to die – make sure that all you have to do is die.” The world says this is foolish, but God used the death of these men to call other people to the mission field and in less than three years contact was made with this same tribe. The widow of Jim Elliot, Elizabeth, along with their baby daughter, Valerie, then went to live in the Auca village and they became friends with the men who had killed Jim. “Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men” – 1 Corinthians 1:25.
I don’t know that God is calling any of you to die as a missionary martyr in some foreign land. I do know – absolutely – that God is calling you to serve Him where you are right now with the same commitment that Jim Elliot and those other 4 men had. Jesus said in Matthew 16:24-27, “If anyone wishes to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me. For whosoever wishes to save his life shall lose it; but whoever loses his life for My sake shall find it. For what will a man be profited, if he gains the whole world, and forfeits his soul? Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul? For the Son of Man is going to come in the glory of His Father with His angels; and will then recompense every man according to his deeds.”
Jim Elliot said, “He is no fool who gives up what he can not keep to gain what he can not lose.” Are you afraid to be called a fool for Christ? Or are you willing to be such a wise fool. The reality is that you will be one type of fool or another. What type of fool are you and what type do you want to be? Are you an ignorant fool? An educated fool? An apathetic fool? Or are you willing to be a wise fool, a fool for Christ. That is the kind of fool I want to be!
Parents, you are responsible to apply God’s Word to your children’s lives. Here is some help. Young Children – draw a picture about something you hear during the sermon. Explain your picture(s) to your parents at lunch. Older Children – Do one or more of the following: 1) Write down all the Scripture references made. 2) Count how many times the word “fool” is used. Talk with your parents about the different types of fools and the type you want to be.
THINK ABOUT IT!
Questions to consider in discussing the sermon with others.
What is the origin of “April’s Fools Day”? Define the word “Fool.” What is the Biblical definition of a fool? What three categories of people fit that definition? Read Isaiah 44:9-20 and summarize the foolishness described. How should you respond to the ignorant fool? What is an “Educated Fool”? How do they generally differ from ignorant fools? Describes people who fit this category? How should you respond to them? Why should you not be intimidated by them? How does Matthew 7:6 apply to your response to them? Why is your behavior important in dealing with them – 1 Peter 2:13-15? What is an Apathetic Fool? How should you respond to them? What dangers does the apathetic “Christian” face? How should respond to them? What is a Wise fool? How does the respond to those who believe and follow the Bible? How did unbelievers treat Paul? How do the worldly treat you? If favorably, why? If unfavorably, why – and how do you respond to it? What do you think of Jim Elliot’s prayer, “Make me Thy Fuel, Flame of God”? Explain. What do you think about his statement, “He is no fool who gives what he cannot keep to gain what he cannot lose”? How does it apply to you? What type of fool are you? Explain. Would you be ready to die if God called you today? If not, why not? What do you need to do? What is keeping you from doing it? What is your plan to overcome it?
Sermon Notes – April 1, 2007
What Type of Fool Are You? – Selected Scriptures
The April Fool
The Ignorant Fool
The Educated Fool
The Apathetic Fool
The Wise Fool
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