(If you would like to download the PowerPoint presentation for this sermon, Click here – 143 Entering the Kingdom)
Pastor Scott L. Harris
Grace Bible Church, NY
September 17, 2017
Entering the Kingdom
Introduction – Luke 13:22
This morning we return to the gospel of Luke to pick up the narrative of Jesus’ life in Luke 13:22. We spent several weeks in John 9 & 10 when Jesus went to Jerusalem for the Feast of Dedication which we more commonly refer to now as Hanukkah which occurs in December at the beginning of Winter. Jesus had healed the man born blind (John 9), (See: Receiving Sight & Exposing Blindness), then taught on the importance of His identity as the good shepherd and the characteristics of His sheep. The good shepherd knows His sheep and He leads, cares for and protects them. His sheep know Him and they listen to and follow Him. He would lay down His life for His sheep and take it up again. (See: The Good Shepherd)
Jesus’ time in Jerusalem ended with a confrontation with a group of Pharisees who demanded to know if He was the Christ. Jesus pointed them to His works as evidence of His identity, but then pointed out that they did not believe because they were not His sheep. He then continued on to explain the absolute security His sheep have in the eternal life that He gives to them because He is one with the Father. Jesus is God in human flesh and therefore has the authority to make such promises and the ability to keep them. Salvation from sin by God’s grace through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ is absolutely secure because nothing can take you from the Father’s hand and Jesus loses none the Father gives to Him. A salvation that could be lost is ultimately based in man’s efforts and work instead of God’s and therefore was never real. (See: Safe in the Shepherd’s Hands)
The Jews had sought to seize Jesus to put Him on trial for blasphemy, but Jesus departed from them and went to Bethany beyond the Jordan, about 50 miles northeast of Jerusalem, where John the Baptist had first been baptizing people. As we pick up the narrative again in Luke 13:22, Jesus has moved back north probably into the region of Galilee since it is an area controlled by Herod Antipas who is mentioned in verse 3,1 and Luke 17:11 specifically places Jesus as passing between Samaria and Galilee on His way to Jerusalem.
22 And He was passing through from one city and village to another, teaching, and proceeding on His way to Jerusalem. 23 And someone said to Him, “Lord, are there just a few who are being saved?” And He said to them, 24 “Strive to enter through the narrow door; for many, I tell you, will seek to enter and will not be able. 25 “Once the head of the house gets up and shuts the door, and you begin to stand outside and knock on the door, saying, ‘Lord, open up to us!’ then He will answer and say to you, ‘I do not know where you are from.’ 26 “Then you will begin to say, ‘We ate and drank in Your presence, and You taught in our streets’; 27 and He will say, ‘I tell you, I do not know where you are from; DEPART FROM ME, ALL YOU EVILDOERS.’ 28 “In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth when you see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, but yourselves being thrown out. 29 “And they will come from east and west and from north and south, and will recline at the table in the kingdom of God. 30 “And behold, some are last who will be first and some are first who will be last.”
Notice in verse 22 that Luke specifically points out that Jesus is making His way to Jerusalem and that He is teaching in the cities and villages as He passes through them. Jesus must be in Jerusalem by Passover in order to fulfill the prophecies concerning Him. However, He is not in a rush to get there any earlier than that. He is taking His time to teach in the population centers and those He encounters along the way as He heads south. It is in such a setting that someone asks Him a question as recorded in verse 23.
The Question – Luke 13:23
23 And someone said to Him, “Lord, are there just a few who are being saved?” There is more to this question than just curiosity. Underlying it is the quest to understand the nature and extent of Jesus’ ministry in both its political and theological aspects.
In the political aspect, there was a common expectation that Messiah would come to conquer and reestablish the nation of Israel to the glory, prestige and power it had under King David. They thought in terms of the many prophecies about a renewed Israel and did not understand the placement of prophecies such as Isaiah 53 in which Messiah would be a suffering servant. It is now the third year of Jesus’ ministry, and though at times there would be large crowds that would turn out to hear Him teach and would gather to be healed by Him, there was not any political movement to make Him king. In fact, according to John 6:15, when such an effort did arise, Jesus withdrew from them. One aspect of this question then was to understand the nature of the kingdom He was going to establish. The political and theological expectations ran together with the belief that national salvation would accompany national restoration. If Jesus was not restoring Israel as a nation, then was His plan to only save a few?
The theological aspect is probably more in view here especially in the context in which Luke sets it. Luke 12 and the first part of chapter 13 record a lot of conflict between Jesus and the religious leaders and many warnings by Jesus to everyone about being ready for the coming of the Son of Man who would reward the righteous and judge the unrighteous. This was contrary to the common idea that Jewish people would be saved because they were descendants of Abraham. The extent of that salvation was debated since it was not believed that the most wicked people would be saved. The question then became how righteous you needed to be to be assured of salvation and the degree of wickedness that would keep you from salvation. The teachings of Jesus were confusing to them. On the one hand, the parables of the Mustard Seed and Leaven (Luke 13:18-21) made it appear that many would be saved. On the other hand, the warnings for common people to repent who were not doing anything that appeared outwardly evil (Luke 13:1-5) made it appear that few would be saved.
Of course underlying either of these aspects of the question is the idea of salvation. Salvation from what? That is still a problem in our own time. The same word can be used and have very different meanings. The particular word here is swvzw / s dz which has a general meaning of “to deliver from a direct threat,” and “to make safe and sound out of a difficult situation” (TDNT). Context determines the threat or difficult situation. Salvation from an enemy would be deliverance from their threat. Salvation from a storm would be deliverance from injury and death or be safe and sound in the midst of it. Ideas of theological salvation varied, but it commonly was understood then as deliverance from God’s judgment both temporal and eternal and being made safe and sound within God’s kingdom.
Regardless of what the man intended by his particular question, Jesus’ answer is directed to all the people present and concerns being made safe and sound for eternity within God’s kingdom. His emphasis is upon doing everything you can to be sure that you are saved and will not be shut out of God’s kingdom. Jesus answers the question of few or many only indirectly.
Striving for Salvation – Luke 13:24
And He said to them, 24 “Strive to enter through the narrow door; for many, I tell you, will seek to enter and will not be able.”
There are many Scriptures that emphasize God’s sovereignty in salvation. For example, Jesus said in John 6:44, 65, 44“No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up on the last day . . .” 65 And He was saying, “For this reason I have said to you, that no one can come to Me unless it has been granted him from the Father.” Why? Psalm 14:1-3 which is repeated in Romans 3:10-12 explains, “. . . There is no one who does good. 2 The Lord has looked down from heaven upon the sons of men To see if there are any who understand, Who seek after God. 3 They have all turned aside, together they have become corrupt; There is no one who does good, not even one.” The apostle John declared in John 1:12-13, “12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name, 13 who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.” You cannot be born again because of genealogical lineage, your desire or the desire of other people. It comes only by the will of God. The apostle Paul put it bluntly in Ephesians 1:4, “just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and blameless before Him.” God’s election occurred before you were born.
Whether you like this fact or not, God is sovereign, and without the extension of His love poured out in His mercy to allow you to still be alive, and His grace in sending Jesus to pay the redemption price, and the ministry of the Holy Spirit to convict you of sin, righteousness and judgment and then regenerate you so that you can believe, you could not be saved from sin and its consequences. God’s sovereignty in salvation is absolutely humbling to man, but that is precisely why so many people reject it. It interferes with their pride. But it is to the humble that the Lord extends His grace while He resists the proud.
At the same time, there are many passages that emphasize man’s responsibility in salvation. This is one of those passages. Jesus states this in the command voice. It is not an option. You must strive to enter through the narrow door. What door?
The context is clear that this is the door into to the kingdom of God, the door of eternal salvation, this door is narrow. This is similar to what Jesus said in Matthew 7:13-14, 13 “Enter through the narrow gate; for the gate is wide and the way is broad that leads to destruction, and there are many who enter through it. 14 “For the gate is small and the way is narrow that leads to life, and there are few who find it.” Contrary to popular belief, there are not many roads to heaven and there are not many ways to God. There is one and one only. Jesus said “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me” (John 14:6). The apostle Peter boldly proclaimed Jesus Christ to the Sanhedrin that had arrested him and then concluded, “there is salvation in no one else; for there is no other name under heaven that has been given among men by which we must be saved” (Acts 4:12).
The specific command is “Strive to enter.” This is an imperative joined with an infinitive. The word “strive” is ajgwnivzomai / agonizomai from which we get our English word “agonize.” The noun on which the verb is based originally referred to a place of contest like a stadium and then to the contest itself and then to any kind of conflict. The verb means “to carry on a conflict, contest, debate or legal suit.” When used metaphorically, as in this passage, it compares the exercise of virtue in the moral quest to the physical exertion in a sporting event and the mental exertion in a debate. Paul used this word many times of his own life and ministry and his call to others to do the same. For example, in 2 Timothy 4:7 he said he had “fought the good fight, finished the course and kept the faith.” You get the picture of a wrestler putting in his best effort and a runner enduring to finish the race. In 1 Timothy 6:12 he exhorted Timothy to do the same and “fight the good fight of faith.” Paul used the word to describe the Christian life in 1 Corinthians 9:25, “Everyone who competes (agonizes) in the games exercises self-control in all things. They then do it to receive a perishable wreath, but we an imperishable.”
What kind of striving then is required to enter in by the narrow door? What responsibility is given to humans concerning salvation. It is not in any sense earning your salvation for all your works of righteousness are as filthy rags before our holy God (Isaiah 64:6). Paul states clearly in Titus 3:5-7, “5 He saved us, not on the basis of deeds which we have done in righteousness, but according to His mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit, 6 whom He poured out upon us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior, 7 so that being justified by His grace we would be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.”
The striving describes the diligence, passionate struggle and constantly renewed mental concentration needed to repent and believe. Hebrews 11:6 describes its humble beginning, “And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is and that He is a rewarder of those who seek Him.” That may seem obvious to many since everything around us shouts that there is a God that created us, but we live in a time when the obvious is denied and our public schools, government institutions, and most media companies teach that contrary to the laws of physics, matter magically appeared and then organized itself into even life by time and chance. Even those who acknowledge that an intelligent being had to create them are resistant to the fact that they themselves are but a created creature. It takes humility to accept and rejoice that your value comes from your Creator and not yourself, and that your purpose in existence is defined by the Creator and not your own desires.
The striving continues in the diligence and passion of seeking God as described in Deuteronomy 4:29 and Jeremiah 29:13, “you will seek Me and find Me when you search for Me with all your heart.” Remember that “heart” when used metaphorically in the Scriptures refers to the mind and will that make up the core of your being and not just emotions which arise out of it. The Lord is near to the brokenhearted and those who call upon Him in truth (Psalm 34:18; 145:18), but those who seek God casually or as it is convenient to them will miss Him because self interest instead of truth directs their lives. Such people do not exert themselves to enter the narrow door because their interest is too low and they do not recognize the need.
This striving also requires mental concentration to accept the Lord’s invitation in Isaiah 1:18, “Come now, and let us reason together,” Says the Lord, “Though your sins are as scarlet, They will be as white as snow; Though they are red like crimson, They will be like wool.” The gospel is simple, but it can be hard to grasp mentally because it is contrary to man’s nature and desires. Paul comments in 1 Corinthians 1:18-31 that though the Greeks search for wisdom, the world through its wisdom does not come to know God for the word of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing. Paul was often found reasoning with both Jews and Greeks but the vast majority rejected his message. Only those that responded to “the foolishness of the message preached” believed and were saved. The Athenian philosophers were attentive to the very well reasoned arguments of Paul until he got to Jesus death and resurrection at which point they began to sneer at him (Acts 17:22-33). You must strive in order to get past personal bias, erroneous presuppositions and group-think in order to understand and believe the gospel. Only a few of them did then (Acts 17:34), and relatively few do so now. The Lord’s thoughts and ways are not like yours (Isaiah 55:8-9), and it is very difficult for finite humans to mentally grasp the declarations of an infinite being they cannot fully comprehend.
This striving will require self-denial. To compete well in sports or in debate requires self-denial as you spend time and energy to train or study in preparation for the contest to come. You set aside anything that might hinder you in the pursuit of your goal. From a practical standpoint, any time you spend in studying God’s word and in serving Him is time you cannot spend doing other things. More importantly, following Christ will take you in the opposite direction of sinful desires so that you pursue righteousness and avoid and flee from sin. The things of this world become less and less important to you while the things of God’s kingdom become more important because they actually are more important. Those who strive to enter through the narrow door will understand this. Jesus summed these truths up in Luke 9:23-24, “23 And He was saying to them all, “If anyone wishes to come after Me, he must deny himself, and take up his cross daily and follow Me. 24 “For whoever wishes to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake, he is the one who will save it.”
Striving to enter the narrow door must be a priority that is not delayed for as Isaiah 55:6-7 both warns and prompts, 6 “Seek the Lord while He may be found; Call upon Him while He is near. 7 Let the wicked forsake his way And the unrighteous man his thoughts; And let him return to the Lord, And He will have compassion on him, And to our God, For He will abundantly pardon.” It is a wonderful offer, but it is only available for a limited time to each individual. Jesus expands on this warning.
Limited Opportunity – Luke 13:24b-25
for many, I tell you, will seek to enter and will not be able. 25 “Once the head of the house gets up and shuts the door, and you begin to stand outside and knock on the door, saying, ‘Lord, open up to us!’ then He will answer and say to you, ‘I do not know where you are from.’
The imagery here could refer to several different situations such as a man closing his door for the evening to go to bed as described in Luke 11:5-8 or the closing of the door at a wedding feast as described in Matthew 25:1-13. The point is that you need to enter through the door before it is shut and it is too late. They will cry out for the door to be opened, but it will remain shut.
Obviously the door of opportunity for salvation is shut on the individual when they die. Hebrews 9:27 warns, “it is appointed for men to die once and after this comes judgment.” This warning is magnified by the fact that death often comes suddenly when not expected.
This door of opportunity will be closed for all when the Lord returns in judgment at the end of the tribulation period, the seventieth week of Daniel 9:27. We know from Matthew 25:31-46 that at that time the righteous and wicked will be separated and judged accordingly in the sheep and goat judgment.
This warning is also made more serious by the fact that the narrow door into God’s kingdom could be closed for the individual before either death or the Lord’s return if the Holy Spirit ceases His work in them to bring them to a conviction of sin, righteousness and judgment. The Lord is patient and longsuffering, but at some point that ends. Remember that Pharaoh hardened his own heart five times before the Lord confirmed his rebellion and hardened it (Exodus 7:13, 22; 8:15, 32; 9:7, 12). That hardening does not have to take the form of outright rebellion and antagonism toward God, for even Pharaoh confessed that he had sinned after the seventh and eighth plagues before changing his mind again.
How tragic that these people wanted to get in, but it was too late. Those who continually put off repenting of their sins and placing their faith in the person and work of the Lord Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins are in grave danger of finding out they are too late and cannot be saved due to either death, the Lord’s return or the hardening of their own heart.
Knowing vs Following the Lord – Luke 13:26-27
Verses 26-27 make the cases of these people even more tragic for there is a huge difference between knowing about the Lord and following Him. 26 “Then you will begin to say, ‘We ate and drank in Your presence, and You taught in our streets’; 27 and He will say, ‘I tell you, I do not know where you are from; Depart from Me, All You Evildoers.’
These people had an acquaintance with Jesus. They had a meal in a place where He was present and they heard Him teach. What tragedy that they were so close and remained so distant and that they heard him with their own ears but did not heed what He said. They were not His sheep and He would not be their shepherd.
Their argument to receive a special dispensation and have the door reopened for them is in reality quite ridiculous. Does anyone present actually think that hearing someone give a lecture and then eating a meal with him makes you anything more than an acquaintance? How does having been in physical proximity suddenly equal intimate friendship? I have preached many sermons in many places to many people and have eaten many meals with many different people, but that does not mean that I will be inviting them into my home to live with me. In fact, having met them and knowing they ignored what I taught, I would be adamant that they would not be coming into my home to live with me. That is Jesus’ response here. He has given plenty of warning and they even admit that they have heard Him teach, but they ignored it, and now it is too late.
The greater tragedy is that this will apply to many people that regularly attend church. What applies to the false teachers in Matthew 7:21-23 will apply to their followers. They may properly acknowledge that He is Lord, but they have not followed Him. They may even do things in His name, but they do not obey Him. They are told to depart.
Grief and Rage – Luke 13:28
Jesus describes what their reactions will be in verse 28. 28 “In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth when you see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, but yourselves being thrown out.
The weeping refers to grief and sorrow while the gnashing of teeth refers to rage. These describe both the reactions of different people and the mix of emotions that can occur in the same person. Both rage and sorrow arise out of their selfishness. The sorrow is that of remorse over recognizing what could have been but is not because they did not strive to enter through the narrow door. This will be most acute among the religious people that erroneously thought they were going to heaven. There will also be sorrow over not getting what they wanted and the suffering that come as part of the consequences of their sin. The rage will be the expression of anger over not getting what they wanted and hatred for those they blame for what they are experiencing. They will especially hate God even as those in Revelation 9 and 16 are described who blaspheme God because of the plagues upon them instead of repenting.
The rage and sorrow will be amplified especially among the Jews by the fact that they will be aware that the patriarchs and prophets will be in the kingdom and they have been cast out. Apparently Hell will be similar to Hades described in Luke 16:22-26 in which those in torment are aware of those who are in God’s kingdom. That only adds to their torment as a constant reminder of what they could have had but rejected due to their own sin and self-righteousness.
Hope for Gentiles – Luke 13:29-30
Jesus’ comment at the end of this teaching in verses 29-30 gives great hope to we who are Gentiles. 29 “And they will come from east and west and from north and south, and will recline at the table in the kingdom of God. 30 “And behold, some are last who will be first and some are first who will be last.”
The reference to people coming from the four points of the compass to be part of God’s kingdom is to the Gentiles from around the world that are included. Such hope for the Gentiles was included in the third aspect of God’s covenant with Abraham that in him all the families of earth would be blessed (Genesis 12:3c) and repeated throughout the Hebrew scriptures by multiple prophets, but many Jews still thought of salvation as only belonging to themselves. This was a rebuke and warning to them. Gentiles would be included in having fellowship with God.
Usually the phrase “the first shall be last and the last shall be first” (Matthew 20:16) refers to equality of outcome. It does that here as well, but it is slightly modified and within this context refers to some Gentiles, who received the gospel last, being included in the kingdom, and only some of the Jews, who received the gospel first, being included. That would be a surprise and an irritant to the ethno-centric Jews who reserved salvation for themselves.
The answer to the man’s question was given indirectly. Many will seek to enter the kingdom and find it will be too late. Only some Gentiles and some Jews will be in the kingdom to enjoy the feast and fellowship there. Only a relative few will be saved, though that will still be a great multitude from every nation, tribe, people and language that cannot be humanly counted (Revelation 7:9).
Be sure that you are one of those that is saved. Strive to enter through the narrow door. If you do not know if you would go to heaven, today is the day to repent and place your faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. Tomorrow could be too late. If you believe you are saved, examine yourself to be sure you are believing the truth about Jesus and that you are trusting Him and His work of atonement alone (2 Corinthians 13:5). You do not want to be surprised on judgment day.
Finally, take this warning to heart as you witness to people. There is an urgency in the message of the gospel. Only God knows how much time an individual has to repent and believe before it is too late. There must also be care taken to proclaim the true gospel and not some perversion of it that would lead a person to falsely think they are saved. Assurance of salvation is a job for the Holy Spirit. Proclaim the whole truth and let Him work.
Sermon Notes – 9/17/2017
Entering the Kingdom – Luke 13:22-30
Jesus, the Good Shepherd, has identified Himself with ___, confronted the Pharisees and returned to Galilee
Jesus is slowly making His way to Jerusalem, but is ____________ in the cities and villages as He goes
The Question – Luke 13:23
Politically, the Jews were looking for a Messiah that would save them from ______and reestablish its power
If Jesus was not restoring the nation to bring about ___________salvation, was His plan to only save a few?
The theological question of the _______of salvation from God’s judgment is more in view in Luke’s context
The word “___________” (swvzw / s dz ) is general with specific meaning determined by context
Jesus’ answer is to all the people and concerns being eternally __________ in God’s kingdom
Striving for Salvation – Luke 13:24
God’s sovereignty in salvation ___________ man, and man’s pride is why so many people reject it
This is one of many Scriptures that emphasize man’s _________________ in salvation – this is a command
The context is clear that this is the narrow door to the __________of God / eternal salvation (Matt. 7:13-14)
“Strive” (ajgwnivzomai / agonizomai) is a ____________ – agonize, exert, fight, endeavor, persist, strain
Striving begins with Hebrews 11:6 – _________ to believe God is and will reward those who seek Him
Striving requires ______________ – Luke 9:23-24
Striving must be a __________ that is not delayed – Isaiah 55:6-7
Limited Opportunity – Luke 13:24b-25
Opportunity ends at _________ (Hebrews 9:27)
Opportunity ends at the Lord’s ___________ (Matthew 25:31-46)
Opportunity ends when the Holy Spirit ceases to _________and the person becomes hardened (Exodus 7-9)
Knowing vs Following the Lord – Luke 13:26-27
An acquaintance with Jesus is not the same as being a ____________with Jesus as your shepherd
Physical proximity is not enough – Jesus does not welcome into His kingdom those who don’t _______Him
This warning applies _____for what is true of false teaches is also true for their followers (Matthew 7:21-23)
Grief and Rage – Luke 13:28
These are the reactions of different people & the mix of emotions in individuals – both arise from ________
The sorrow of remorse of what could have been but is not and never will be – ______________ opportunity
The sorrow of unfulfilled desires and of _______________ the consequences of sin
The rage of _________those unjustly blamed for causing the suffering – especially God (Revelation 9 & 16)
Rage & sorrow are amplified by seeing the patriarchs & prophets in the kingdom but _________themselves
Hope for Gentiles – Luke 13:29-30
People coming from the four points of the compass refers to ______________ coming from every land
There will be equality of outcome in God’s kingdom with Gentiles ____________ along with Jews
The answer to the question is that _______will seek and be too late; some Gentiles and some Jews will enter
Be _________ you are one of those that “strives to enter” – you do not want to be surprised on judgment day
There is an urgency to be accurate and true to the __________message for tomorrow may be too late
Parents, you are responsible to apply God’s Word to your children’s lives. Here is some help. Young Children – draw a picture about something you hear during the sermon. Explain your picture(s) to your parents at lunch. Older Children – Do one or more of the following: 1) Count how many times the words “strive” and “kingdom” are said. 2) Discuss with your parents what it means to be strive to be in God’s kingdom
THINK ABOUT IT!
Questions to consider in discussing the sermon with others. Why had Jesus been in Jerusalem in John 9-10? What happened while He was there? Where is Jesus in Luke 13:22-30? Where is Jesus going and what is He doing along the way? What possible reasons are there that someone would ask Jesus, “Lord, are there just a few who are being saved?” What did the people expect would happen politically with the coming of the Messiah? What kind of theological salvation did the people expect with the coming of Messiah? What is the meaning of the word “saved” (swvzw / s dz )? How does context determine the meaning of this word? What Scripture passages make it clear that salvation is by God’s sovereign election of sinners? Why do people resist / reject the plain meaning of those passages? Luke 13:22-30 is a passage that clearly teaches that God will hold man solely responsible for rejecting the offer of salvation. What other passages clearly teach this same truth? Can man earn his salvation by good works of any type? Explain. What does the word “strive” (ajgwnivzomai / agonizomai) mean? How does a person “strive to enter through the narrow door” in relationship to the following: Hebrews 11:6? Seeking God? Understanding and believing the gospel? Self-denial? As a priority in life? How do each of the following close the door of opportunity to enter God’s kingdom: death; the coming of the Lord; the ceasing of the Holy Spirit’s ministry to convict? Why was physical proximity to Jesus not enough to enter His kingdom? Why is knowing about Jesus not enough to be saved? What must you do to be saved? Are there many or few that are being saved in current times? Explain. What would cause those shut out from God’s kingdom to weep? What would cause them to gnash their teeth? Can those in Hell see those in Heaven? Explain. What hope does Jesus give to the Gentiles in Luke 13:29-30? Why would that irritate the Jews? Are you sure of your salvation?
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