Sermon Notes – 1/13/2019
Why We Are Pre-Millennial – Selected Scriptures
Prophetic scriptures can be __________ – the disciples ________understand Jesus’ prophecy about Himself
We must be _____________people when considering eschatology – doctrine of last things
Every Bible believing Christian should have a common goal of striving to ________understand God’s Word
Book recommendation: The Meaning of the Millennium: Four Views, edited by Robert G. Clouse
All millennial views are related to the ______________of God and the presence of Jesus Christ within it
Premillennialists believe Jesus will return _________to establishing His 1,000 year reign on earth
The Tribulation occurs before the millennium and the eternal state occurs after it
Postmillennialists believe the Christianization of the world will bring a “millennium” of ______& prosperity
The millennium is an uncertain length of time, and Jesus returns ________ of it bringing the eternal state
Amillennialists ________a future earthly kingdom of peace and righteousness before the end of the world
The world continues similar to the present until the Second Coming and the ___________state
The millennium is a present ___________kingdom of undetermined length
Historically, premillennial belief (______________) dominated until the 4th Century
Amillennial belief rose with ___________& dominated until the reformation. It continued in some churches
Postmillennial belief developed and dominated in the ______________, but declined after WWII
The Premillennial view ___________in the 19th Century.
At present, __________views can be found among true believers and genuine followers of Jesus Christ
Reasons for belief ________greatly: Limited exposure, tradition, politics, a teacher’s influence, Bible study
Live according to 2 Timothy 2:15 and __________to come to Biblical understanding and conviction
A Question of Hermeneutics
All views believe in a __________eternal state of blessing for the righteous & damnation for the wicked
Grace Bible Church holds to and teaches a ________________, premillennial understanding of eschatology
The difference in views is based on differences in interpretation based on differences in ________________
GBC follows the historico-grammatical or ___________system of hermeneutics – Bible interpretation
The literal system places priority on understanding a text according to its ___________meaning
The literal system follows ____________usage of words and grammar for any particular type of literature
The historico-grammatical method helps prevent exegetical abuse by seeking the meaning _______intended
Allegorical & mystical methods, still common in many churches, allows for ____________speculation
Allegorical interpretation among Puritans resulted in works of theological ____________
If the plain sense makes _______, make no other sense – even unusual creatures such as in Revelation 9:7-11
This chapter sets the time __________for the kingdom and Revelation sets the sequence of future events:
Sequence: Tribulation (6-18), Return of Christ (19), Millennium (20), Judgment (20), Eternal state (21-22)
1,000 years used ________times setting the length of time for: 1) Satan being bound. 2) Reign of Christ and those who are part of the 1st resurrection. 3) Waiting period for resurrection to judgment. 4) When Satan would be released for a season.
Revelation 20 is a narrative without any _____________of metaphorical use of 1,000 – as in other passages
Non-literal interpretation of prophecy because it is _________is a leaky bucket being filled with speculation
Future Kingdom Promises to Israel
Acts 1:6-8 – Jesus tells the disciples the _____________of the future kingdom was up to the Father
Prophecies of Israel’s future restoration are interpreted allegorically by those replacing Israel with the _____
Prophets from Moses (Deut. 30) to Malachi predict Israel’s __________restoration & judgment of nations
Amos 9:11-15 – prophecy of Israel’s unparalleled __________restoration
The difference in millennial views is due to difference in _______________- rules of Biblical interpretation
GBC follows the historico-grammatical method and therefore believes God’s promises ______________
Allegorical methods interpret God’s promises in ways not understandable from a ______reading of the texts
Allegorical methods make God’s promises ___________because they cannot be known with certainty
Allegorical methods make _________ theological frameworks superior to God’s clear revelation
Be kind and gracious, but dig deep to _______________God’s word and then stand firm.
Parents, you are responsible to apply God’s Word to your children’s lives. Here is some help. Young Children – draw a picture about something you hear during the sermon. Explain your picture(s) to your parents at lunch. Older Children – Do one or more of the following: 1) Count how many times a form of the word “Millennial” is used in the sermon. Talk with your parents about being able to trust God’s promises for the future
THINK ABOUT IT!
Questions to consider in discussing the sermon with others. What are some of the reasons why prophetic passages are hard to understand? Why should we be humble when it comes to discussions of eschatology? Explain each of the basic beliefs of these three theological positions: Pre-millennialism. Post-millennialism. Amillennialism. Trace the historical development of each of these positions – when did each arise, dominate, wane? What are some of the reasons people hold to different views on the question of Christ’s future kingdom? On what do all three positions agree? Why is there such diversity among them in interpretation of the same scriptures? Explain the historico-grammatical (literal) method of interpretation. What beliefs about the Bible are part of this system? What problems arise with allegorical and mystical interpretations? What conclusions can be made from Revelation 20 by a normal reading of the text? What specific things are tied to the 1,000 years? What promises are made to Israel in Joel 3 and Amos 9? Have those been fulfilled or not? Explain
Excerpts from the Grace Bible Church Statement of Faith
SECTION G. THE RAPTURE.
1. We believe in the pre-millennial return of Christ, an event which can occur at any moment, and that at that moment, the dead in Christ shall be raised in glorified bodies, the living in Christ shall be given glorified bodies without tasting death, and all of them shall be caught up to meet the Lord in the air before the seven years of the tribulation (1 Thessalonians 4:13-17; 1 Corinthians15:42-44, 51-54; Philippians 3:20-21).
2. We believe that the tribulation, which follows the rapture of the church, will be culminated by the revelation of Christ in power and great glory to sit upon the throne of David and to establish the millennial kingdom (Daniel 9:25-27; Matthew 24:5-31; Luke 1:30-33; Isaiah 9:6-7; 11:1-9; Acts 2:29-30; Revelation 20:1-4,6).
SECTION H. ISRAEL.
We believe in the sovereign selection of Israel as God’s eternal covenant people, that she is now dispersed because of her disobedience and rejection of Christ, that she will be regathered in the Holy Land and, after the completion of the church, will be saved as a nation at the second advent of Christ (Genesis 13:14-17; Romans 11:1-32; Ezekiel 37).
SECTION I. THE RIGHTEOUS AND THE WICKED.
We believe that there is a radical and essential difference between the righteous and wicked; that only such as are justified through faith in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, and sanctified by the Spirit of our God, are truly righteous in His esteem while all who continue in impenitence and unbelief are in His sight wicked and under the curse and, therefore, stand condemned before God. This distinction holds among men both in and after death, in the everlasting blessedness of the saved and the everlasting conscious suffering of the lost (Malachi 3:18; Genesis 18:23; Romans 6:17-18; Proverbs 11:31; Romans 1:17-18; 1 Corinthians 15:22; Acts 10:34-35; 1 John 2:29; Romans 6:16; Galatians 3:10; Romans 6:23; Proverbs 14:32; Luke 16:25; Matthew 25:34,41; Matthew 7:13-14).
SECTION J. THE RESURRECTION.
We believe in the bodily resurrection of all men: the saved to eternal life and the unsaved to judgment and everlasting punishment. The souls of the redeemed at death are absent from the body and present with the Lord, where in conscious bliss they await the first resurrection, when spirit, soul and body are reunited to be forever glorified with the Lord. The souls of the unbelievers, after death, remain in conscious misery until the second resurrection, when with spirit, soul and body reunited they shall appear before the Great White Throne Judgment and shall be cast into the lake of fire, not to be annihilated, but to suffer everlasting, conscious punishment (Luke 16:19-26; Matthew 25:46; John 5:28-29; 11:25-26; Philippians 1:23; 3:21; 2 Corinthians 5:8,10; 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17; Revelation 20:4-6, 12-13).
Selected Passages Concerning Promises of a yet Future Restoration of Israel (Note: some of these passages include restoration after captivity to Babylon. They are included when they reference “an everlasting covenant.” God remains the same. His promises fulfilled give confidence for promises still to be fulfilled. Look in these passages and note descriptions of things that have not yet occurred – both judgment and blessing).
Genesis 17:7 (See Genesis 12:2-3; 15:18; 26:24); 12:2-3; Leviticus 26:44-45; Deuteronomy 6:25-31; Psalm 89:30-37; 94:12-15; 105:8-11; Isaiah 54, 55:1-5; 59:14-21; 60-62; Jeremiah 31 (esp. vs. 31-40); 32:36-44; 33 (esp. vs. 14-15); Ezekiel 16:60; 37:24-28; 38:23-29; ch 40-48; Joel 2:18-31; 3:1-21; Amos 9:8-15; Micah 4:1-8; 7:18-20; Zephaniah 3:12-20; Zechariah 12-14;