Sermon Notes

Sermon Notes – August 9, 2020
Eschatology Overview – Selected Scriptures


The importance of worldview

Fearful responses to SARS-CoV-2

Human arrogance & pride in rebellion against God

Issues in Eschatology

Filled and unfulfilled Prophecy

Revelation 20:1-10

Pre-millennial – Jesus returns prior to this thousand year period.

Post-millennial – Jesus returns after this thousand year period.

Amillennial – no visible millennium. The thousand years is a spiritual period of an undetermined length

Hermeneutical Foundations (Methods used to interpret the Bible)

Pre-millennial – the grammatical-historical method, a literal approach

Revelation 20 is easily understood from a literal reading of the text – Jesus returns & the 1,000 years begin

Amillennial – the message is an analogy to or allegory of a spiritual meaning. An allegorical approach

The hidden meanings

Interpretation must come from specially trained people

Post-millennial – a mixture of literal and allegorical methods

Prophecy and Israel

The early church was Chiliastic (pre-millennial) through the third century

Amillennialism arose in 4th century and became dominate – Origen, Constantine, Augustine,

As Gentile influence became dominate, anti-semitism arose aided by allegorical interpretation

Post-millennialism became strong in 19th & early 20th century, but wanted after WWI & WWII

Pre-millennialism surged after Israel became a nation in 1948, but has been waning in the 21st century

Amillennial & post-millennial supporters of Israel exist, but Replacement Theology favors anti-semitism

Only dispensational pre-millennialism believes Israel has a place in God’s future plans

The Lord’s covenants with Abraham & his descendants are “everlasting”

The Lord is faithful to His covenants even when broken by His people (Ezek. 16:60; Lev. 26:44-45)

Romans 9-11. Paul argues God can be trusted because He keeps His promises to Israel

An eschatology that removes God’s promises to Israel attacks His character

Purpose of Eschatology – 2 Peter 3:8-19.

Verse 8

Verse 9

Verse 10

Verse 11

Verses 12-13

Verse 14

Verse 15a

Verses 15b-16

Verses 17-18

If study of prophecy & eschatology does not result in increased holiness, something serious is wrong

KIDS KORNER – Parents, you are responsible to apply God’s Word to your children’s lives. Here is some help. Young Children – draw a picture about something you hear during the sermon. Explain your picture(s) to your parents at lunch. Older Children – Do one or more of the following:1) Count how many times “millennial” is mentioned. 2) Talk with your parents about what 2 Peter 2:8-18 says will happen in the future.

THINK ABOUT IT – Questions to consider in understanding the sermon and its application. What effects has worldview had on how people and governments have responded to SARS-CoV-2? What role has evolutionary thought played in this? How do vaccines work? Why are medicines that alleviate the symptoms being suppressed instead of promoted? How do these reactions fit in with what is known will happen in the last days? Give examples of Biblical prophecies that will be fulfilled in the future? Why is Revelation 20:1-10 the dividing passage between the three major Christian eschatology positions. Briefly define each of the three millennial views: pre, post and a. What is the relationship between hermeneutics and eschatological views? What is the grammatical-historical method? Why does that result in the pre-millennial position. What hermeneutic is used by amillennial theologians? By post-millennial theologians? When did the Chiliastic view dominate and why? When did the amillennial view rise to dominate and why? When was the post-millennial view popular and why did it wane? When was the pre-millennial view popular? Why has it been waning? What is the relationship between Gentile dominance in the church, allegorical interpretation, eschatological position and anti-Semitism? Why does dispensational pre-millennialism believe God has a future plan for the nation of Israel? List some of the promises and prophecies God has made about Israel’s future. What is Paul’s point in Romans 9-11? Why is it an attack on God’s character to explain away His promises to Israel? Read 2 Peter 3:8-9 and summarize his point in each verse? In light of 2 Peter 3, what effect should the study of eschatology have in your life?